NPWJ in the news

Les grandes leçons de la campagne contre les mutilations génitales
Emma Bonino, Le Soir, 30 Jan 2017


Des décennies de campagne pour défendre les droits des personnes les plus vulnérables et les plus défavorisées m’ont appris deux choses. La première est que le fondement de la plupart des violations des droits humains réside dans la négation de la liberté de choix personnel, et cela est d’autant plus vrai en ce qui concerne les droits fondamentaux des femmes et des filles. Les traditions, particularités culturelles et autres us et coutumes ne sont qu’un ensemble de prétextes disparates, dont certains se servent comme alibi pour continuer impunément à maintenir d’autres êtres humains en état de soumission. Les droits de l’homme sont universels et non négociables, et nous ne pouvons pas transiger d’un iota sur le respect de ce principe intangible. En d’autres termes, nous ne pouvons pas accepter que le fait de voler l’enfance d’une fille de sept ans, en la forçant à se marier avec un homme adulte et à subir une relation sexuelle, soit justifié au nom de la diversité culturelle, sous peine de devenir complice de ses bourreaux. Tout comme nous ne pouvons pas accepter qu’il y ait des endroits dans ce monde où le viol conjugal n’est pas puni par la loi, car il est considéré comme une expression du droit légitime d’exiger la satisfaction sexuelle de la part de son conjoint. Toute circonstance où la contrainte prévaut sur le libre choix constitue une violation intolérable de l’autodétermination individuelle, et doit être combattue en tant que telle.
La deuxième leçon que j’ai tirée concerne la relation entre le pouvoir politique et les citoyens. Eclaircissons d’emblée un fait : le pouvoir en soi n’est ni bon ni mauvais, mais son usage dévoyé peut causer des dégâts aussi conséquents que les avantages générés par son usage responsable. Prenons comme exemple la lutte contre les mutilations génitales féminines (MGF), une violation des droits humains qui touche la vie de près de deux cents millions de femmes et de filles dans le monde. Sans une interaction directe entre les militants qui luttent depuis plus de trente ans contre cette violence et les représentants institutionnels, nous n’aurions pas pu célébrer, il y a quatre ans, l’étape historique de la résolution des Nations Unies qui interdit universellement les MGF et enjoint tous les Etats à se doter de lois explicites à cet effet. Pour parvenir à ce résultat, nous avons pu compter sur la contribution cruciale tant des activistes africaines qui sont devenues en quelque sorte le visage de la campagne BanFGM, à l’instar de Khady Koita et de Nice Nailantei Leng’ete, que de personnalités comme Chantal Compaoré ainsi que l’actuelle Première dame du Burkina Faso, Sika Kaboré.
La volonté politique des gouvernements est donc fondamentale, et lorsqu’elle est absente le désir de changement demeure malheureusement circonscrit au règne des bonnes intentions. Pour que cette volonté politique parvienne à maturité, il faut cependant que les gouvernements écoutent leurs propres citoyens, les reconnaissent comme interlocuteurs et porteurs de besoins et d’exigences dont la res publica doit s’occuper avant toute autre chose. Multiplier les initiatives pour aider à créer des occasions de dialogue est donc crucial et cela a été le cœur de la méthode, innovante, qui a marqué deux décennies d’engagement de No Peace Without Justice. C’est sous cette même enseigne que, sur notre initiative et avec le soutien du gouvernement italien, les principaux protagonistes de la campagne BanFGM – ministres, parlementaires et activistes des pays où les MGF sont pratiquées, et les représentants d’organisations internationales – se réuniront la semaine prochaine à Rome pour définir conjointement de nouveaux objectifs de lutte et une stratégie d’action pour les réaliser.

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Mutilazioni genitali femminili: "Fermiamole entro il 2030"
Repubblica, 25 Jan 2017


Nice Nailantei Leng'ete – ambasciatrice contro le mutilazioni genitali femminili e operatrice di Amref – torna in Italia per raccontare il suo lavoro in Africa. L'obiettivo è mettere al bando la pratica del taglio entro il 2030, come stabilito dalle Nazioni Unite. Diversi gli eventi e gli incontri a cui parteciperà, tra cui quelli con l'ex ministro degli Esteri, Emma Bonino e della presidente della Camera, Laura Boldrini. Nel 2015 il mondo si è posto dei nuovi obiettivi da raggiungere entro il 2030 per garantire il cosiddetto “sviluppo sostenibile”. Tra questi traguardi vi sono la garanzia della parità di genere e la messa al bando delle mutilazioni genitali femminili. Nice Nailantei Len’gete tutti i giorni traduce sul campo gli obiettivi che si sono dati i grandi della Terra. Lo fa nelle comunità africane in cui lavora, dove dal 2012 ha contribuito a salvare oltre 10.500 bambine dalla mutilazione genitale femminile.
Impegno mondiale. Già nel 2012 l’Assemblea Generale delle Nazioni Unite emanò una risoluzione finalizzata all’eliminazione di queste pratiche. Negli anni sono stati compiuti vari progressi su questo fronte e oggi 24 dei 29 Paesi dove si concentrano maggiormente le mutilazioni hanno promulgato una normativa contro questa pratica.
Ridurre il gap. L’applicazione delle norme, tuttavia, non è sempre immediata, specialmente se il contesto è quello di comunità rurali remote e tradizionaliste. In Kenya e al confine con la Tanzania, Nice lavora per ridurre questo gap. Grazie al suo impegno e ai progetti proposti da Amref, si diffondono sempre di più i Riti di Passaggio Alternativi, frutto di un approccio utilizza attività di sensibilizzazione e formazione rivolte a tutti gli attori chiave delle comunità (inclusi anziani e giovani guerrieri Moran) per contrastare la pratica del taglio.
Chi è Nice. Giovane donna kenyota, dopo essere rimasta orfana, Nice è sfuggita a soli 9 anni al taglio, opponendosi con caparbietà alla volontà della sua famiglia. Da allora il suo impegno per mettere fine a questa pratica dannosa e violenta non si è mai arrestato. L’incontro con Amref Health Africa le ha permesso di ricevere la formazione teorica e tecnica di cui aveva bisogno per attivarsi in modo ancora più incisivo all’interno della sua comunità. Negli anni, il percorso di Nice si è arricchito di successi personali e professionali tanto dall’aver avuto occasione di incontrare alcuni tra i personaggi più illustri del XXI secolo, come Bill Clinton e - di recente - Barack Obama.
Gli appuntamenti. A giorni Nice tornerà ancora una volta in Italia- a Roma - per portare la sua testimonianza di impegno nella lotta alle mutilazioni genitali. Tra il 30 gennaio e il primo febbraio parteciperà alla conferenza “BanFGM” sulla messa al bando universale delle Mutilazioni Genitali Femminili. La conferenza è organizzata dall’associazione di “Non C’è Pace Senza Giustizia” – fondata dalla già Ministro degli Esteri Emma Bonino - e il Comitato Inter-Africano sulle Pratiche Tradizionali Nocive per la Salute di Donne e Bambini, in partenariato, tra gli altri, con Amref. Nella giornata del 26 gennaio, inoltre, Nice racconterà la sua battaglia contro il taglio e la promozione dell’istruzione femminile presso l’Università degli studi Link Campus University, in un incontro sul genere dei Ted Talk e avrà occasione di ricevuta dalla Presidente della Camera Laura Boldrini, in un incontro ristretto.
I 60 anni di Amref. La visita di Nice si inserisce nell’ambito delle celebrazioni per i 60 anni attività di Amref Health Africa e della correlata campagna permanente “Per noi non
Sei Zero”. Apre inoltre la strada alla prossima Giornata Mondiale contro le Mutilazioni Genitali Femminili, il 6 febbraio, in occasione della quale Amref lancerà la prima pillola video di racconti dall’Africa. Narratore di eccezione, lo storico testimonial e amico Giobbe Covatta.

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Des acteurs prônent la "dénonciation positive’’ pour l’abandon des mutilations génitales féminines
Agence de Presse Sénégalaise (APS), 21 Dec 2016


Dakar – Des acteurs étatiques et de la société civile ainsi que des autorités judiciaires ont insisté, mardi à Dakar, sur la nécessité d’encourager la dénonciation ‘’positive’’ pour mettre fin aux mutilations génitales féminines (MGF) qui constituent une atteinte aux droits des filles et des femmes.
Ces différents acteurs étaient réunis autour d’un atelier de mise en œuvre de la Résolution A/RES/69/150 des Nations unies sur l’intensification de l’action mondiale visant à éliminer les MGF, organisé par le Comité sénégalais sur les pratiques traditionnelles néfastes à la santé de la mère et de l’enfant (COSEPRAT) et l’association ‘’La Palabre’’.
Lors de cette rencontre, ils ont mis l’accent sur l’importance du partage de l’information en vue de faire appliquer la loi.
Le Sénégal a adopté la loi 99-05 du 29 janvier 1999 interdisant l’excision, laquelle peine à être appliquée jusqu’ici. En effet, seuls huit cas ont été jugés à Kolda (sud) entre 1999 et 2016, ont déploré les participants.
Du fait du poids de la culture et des traditions enracinées dans le vécu et les comportements de certaines communautés, les pratiques néfastes persistent encore malgré les nombreux efforts consentis par l’Etat et la société civile. Ce qui fait que parler des MGF devient presque tabou.
‘’Je n’ai jamais été confronté à ce cas depuis plus de 16 ans de carrière’’, a témoigné le juge Ibrahima Ndoye, estimant que la seule et principale difficulté à l’application de la loi, c’est le problème de l’information. Pour lui, le problème ne vient pas du fait que les autorités judiciaires ne veulent rien faire mais plutôt du fait qu’elles ne sont pas saisies. Il invite l’ensemble des intervenants à un partage des informations pour faire face au déficit de la communication.
Son collègue Abdoulaye Ba plaide pour sa part pour l’adoption des propositions de réforme visant à criminaliser la non dénonciation des actes de violences sur mineur ou sur toute autre personne. ‘’Nous devons étudier les stratégies pour encourager la dénonciation positive pour permettre aux autorités judiciaires d’avoir les informations et d’intervenir à temps’’, a-t-il préconisé.
Du côté de la gendarmerie, les commandants de zone impliqués dressent eux aussi le même constat. Selon eux, les gens ne veulent pas parler, car craignant de se mettre à dos leur famille et leurs parents. Ils souhaitent du coup un échange d’informations plus régulier entre les Ong sur le terrain et leurs services.
La sensibilisation peut elle aussi être un excellent moyen de prévention contre les MGF, estime le procureur de Kolda, Moussa Yoro Diallo, qui n’hésite pas à descendre sur le terrain pour discuter, échanger avec les populations, et en particulier avec les jeunes, sur les méfaits de telles pratiques.
‘’On est plus informé des actes préparatoires et non d’actes réels d’excision. Nous stoppons le processus et quand ce sont des cas avérés, ils sont sévèrement réprimés’’, a-t-il dit. Il indique que le phénomène est en nette régression, du fait de la sensibilisation et de l’implication des jeunes, surtout des filles dans les écoles.
La directrice de cabinet du ministère de la Femme, de la Famille et de l’Enfance, Oumou Khaïry Niang, a rappelé l’importance de travailler en synergie au niveau national et sous-régional pour élaborer des axes de convergence et des stratégies de communication en vue de mieux faire face à ces violences et violations des droits humains.

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L’accélération de l’abandon de l’excision au menu d’une rencontre, mercredi
Agence de Presse Sénégalaise (APS), 20 Dec 2016


Dakar, 20 déc (APS) - Le ministère de la Femme, de la Famille et de l’Enfance, en partenariat avec le Fonds des Nations Unies pour la Population (UNFPA) organise, mercredi à 16h30 à L’hôtel les Almadies, une rencontre de plaidoyer pour l’accélération de l’abandon de l’excision et des mariages d’enfants.
Cette rencontre qui sera animée par les artistes Baba Maal, Coumba Gawlo Seck et Ablaye Mbaye, s’inscrit dans le cadre du partenariat avec les Champions pour véhiculer des messages auprès des populations et porter le plaidoyer auprès des décideurs.
Selon le texte, en 2015, le bureau Pays de l’UNFPA a innové dans les stratégies pour informer, sensibiliser et mobiliser les populations sur les questions de mutilations génitales féminines, de mariages d’enfants, de Santé de la reproduction des adolescents et jeunes (SRAJ).
La stratégie utilisée est axée sur la musique et le sport en nouant un partenariat avec des célébrités/champions, des porteurs de voix jouissant d’une réputation solide et d’une grande popularité pour véhiculer des messages auprès des populations et porter le plaidoyer auprès des leaders religieux, les autorités administratives et locales.
La même source rappelle que les mutilations génitales féminines/excision (MGF/E) violent les droits humains fondamentaux des filles et des femmes et menacent leur santé sexuelle et reproductive.
Et à ce propos, elles les privent de leur intégrité physique, de leur droit à une existence sans violence et discrimination.
Le communiqué relève qu’au Sénégal de nombreuses mesures ont été prises pour renforcer les campagnes de mobilisation en faveur de l’abandon de l’excision. Et, la loi de janvier 1999 interdisant la pratique de l’excision a été adoptée.

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Le sfide della giustizia internazionale
di Martino Seniga, Rai News, 15 Dec 2016


Negli anni quaranta dopo la fine della seconda guerra mondiale, i processi di Norimberga e di Tokyo hanno portato alla nascita dei primi tribunali penali internazionali, che hanno giudicato sui crimini di guerra e contro l’umanità commessi da Germania e Giappone nel corso dell’ultimo conflitto mondiale. Solo 56 anni dopo, nel 2002, il Consiglio di sicurezza dell’Onu ha dato vita alla Corte Penale Internazionale permanente con sede a l’Aia in Olanda. Nel 1959 il Consiglio d’Europa aveva istituito a Strasburgo la Corte Europea dei Diritti dell’Uomo, che prevede la possibilità per ogni cittadino di ricorrere a una corte sovranazionale in quei casi in cui ritenga che i suoi diritti siano stati lesi da uno degli stati aderenti al Consiglio d’Europa.
I crimini contro l’umanità e i Tribunali Penali Internazionali Dopo i processi di Tokyo e Norimberga la giustizia penale internazionale, che indaga sui crimini contro l’umanità anche quando sono stati commessi da leader politici e militari di fama mondiale, ha dovuto attendere la fine della guerra fredda e della divisione del mondo in due blocchi per vedere la nascita dei primi tribunali penali internazionali ad Hoc.  In particolare nel 1993 e 1994 erano stati istituiti dal Consiglio di Sicurezza dell’Onu il Tribunale internazionale per l’ex Iugoslavia e quello per il Ruanda. In questi anni il tribunale penale internazionale per l’ex Iugoslavia ha indagato su crimini commessi da tutte le parti coinvolte nel conflitto portando all’arresto e all’incriminazione di numerosi imputati tra cui alcuni leader nazionali come l’ex presidente Serbo Milosevic, morto in cella a l’Aia prima della sentenza definitiva.   Nel 2002, dopo anni di lotte da parte di alcune organizzazioni umanitarie come Amnesty International e Non c’è Pace Senza Giustizia, a l’Aia è stata istituita la Corte Penale Internazionale che ha indagato o sta indagando su 43 casi di crimini contro l’umanità e che ha finora emesso 19 mandati di arresto con quattro condanne definitive e un’assoluzione.  Anche se nel mondo  i crimini contro l’umanità non stanno diminuendo, almeno in alcune aree geopolitiche, la Corte Penale Internazionale ha raggiunto un effetto deterrente nei confronti di alcuni dei responsabili di questi crimini, che non si prescrivono mai.
 

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Impunity reigns in Aleppo with civilians in dire need of safe corridors
CICC Global Justice Newsletter, 13 Dec 2016

Civilians in Allepo are in urgent need of safe corridors and humanitarian assitance said civil society today as pro-Syrian regime forces make what some call the final advance on the city’s rebel-held districts. Shameful global inaction and widespread impunity are giving perpetrators of mass crimes a free hand, rights groups reported.
“Safe spaces for civilians – for men, women and children – are shrinking as neighbourhood after neighbourhood is captured by the Syrian army and its allies,” said No Peace Without Justice Secretary-General Niccolò Figà-Talamanca. “As if the shelling and destruction were not enough, these forces are now reportedly carrying out executions of both combatants and civilians, particularly those suspected of having ties to opposition groups. This is a travesty: both the laws of war and ordinary decency require that civilian men, women and children be given safe passage, not have their lives taken from them. Combatants should not be executed, but captured and treated in accordance with the law.”
“Syrian government authorities and armed opposition groups should immediately and without condition facilitate the delivery of humanitarian aid to opposition-controlled parts of Aleppo city,” Human Rights Watch said.
“In recent months the world, including the UN Security Council, has watched from the side-lines as civilians have been slaughtered on a daily basis and eastern Aleppo has been flattened and transformed into a mass grave. The global inaction in the face of such inhumanity is shameful. The lack of accountability for war crimes and crimes against humanity has allowed the parties, particularly government forces, to commit such crimes on a mass scale,” said Lynn Maalouf, Research Deputy Director at Amnesty International’s Beirut office.

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Una giornata mondiale per chi difende i diritti umani
Francesco Martone, Huffington Post, 08 Dec 2016


 
 
 
Costruire una rete di supporto e lanciare una mobilitazione per far fronte all'emergenza globale rappresentata dall'aggressione sistematica ai difensori dei diritti umani.
Questi gli obiettivi dell'iniziativa lanciata la settimana scorsa alla Camera dei Deputati, in occasione del convegno "Difendiamoli! Storie di difensori dei diritti umani e strategie di protezione" da un'ampia coalizione di associazioni ambientaliste e dei diritti umani e civili, giornalisti ed avvocati, Ong.
Un passo necessario ed importante, come ci ricordano le Nazioni Unite, che hanno dedicato una Giornata mondiale ai difensori dei diritti umani il 9 dicembre, un giorno prima della Giornata mondiale dei Diritti Umani. I lavori del Convegno sono stati aperti non a caso da un messaggio di Malek Adly, avvocato egiziano che seguì il caso di Giulio Regeni, di recente scarcerato, ma impossibilitato a lasciare il paese.
Gli ha fatto seguito Nibras Almamuri, Presidente dell'Iraqi Women Journalist Forum - Iraq. "Nel nostro paese siamo perseguitate, veniamo molestate sessualmente e picchiate per spingerci a lasciare le piazze, per farci abbandonare il nostro impegno politico e civile, ma noi non molliamo", ha raccontato Nibras, che assieme alla Ong Un ponte per... gestisce un progetto per donne giornaliste e human rights defenders a Baghdad.
Donne in prima fila, quindi, come Weeda Ahmad, afghana della Social Association of Social Justice Seekers, partner del Cospe e dei Cisda, che ha ripercorso puntigliosamente le tappe delle guerre che hanno insanguinato il suo paese, la violenza dello stato e quella talebana. Weeda ha costruito assieme a tante altre una rete di rifugi protetti e di monitoraggio della situazione dei difensori dei diritti umani nel paese.
Drammatica la testimonianza di Biram Dah Abeid dell'Initiative for the Resurgence of the Abolitionist Movement mauritano, accompagnato dall'organizzazione "Non c'è Pace senza Giustizia", discendente di schiavi "neri" in un paese dove già i feti vengono venduti sul mercato degli schiavi.

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Annual ICC Assembly: States hold ground on ICC, but serious challenges remain
CICC Global Justice Newsletter, 05 Dec 2016


The 15th Assembly of States Parties (ASP) to the Rome Statute concluded in The Hague on 24 November 2016. Despite fears that more states could join the announced withdrawals of three African ICC member states from the Rome Statute in the lead-up to the Assembly, the 124 ICC member states and other delegates were praised for the constructive spirit of discussions at the annual meeting of the Court’s governing and legislative body. No further withdrawals were announced.
 (…)
Double-standards on budget
A group of the largest economy ICC member states–calling themselves the G7 (Japan, Germany, UK, France, Italy, Spain and Canada) threatened to vote for a zero-growth budget for the ICC in 2017. In the end they succeeded in setting the ICC budget for 2017 at €141.6 million, a meagre increase on the 2016 budget of €139.5 million. This is €6 million less than Court officials had requested to maintain court activities and to open new investigations and prosecutions and to improve essential victim-related activities.
The Court’s budget request was approved by the Assembly’s own finance committee and comes after years of efficiency-measures. Its rejection very clearly hampers the ICC’s ability on its mandate to deliver fair, effective and independent justice to victims of grave crimes. States have mandated the Court to enforce the Rome Statute and to respond to demands for justice from victims and the global community. They cannot expect and demand the Court to do more each year with less.
“We continue to be disappointed that the ICC does not seem to be given the resources that it needs. We are concerned that the amount of funding that's been given to the Court may not be sufficient for it to carry out its activities. We really think that states need to think about this realistically, because we are not sure that they are the moment and I think that probably over the next twelve months the budget is going to be more of an issue than withdrawals,” said Alison Smith, legal counsel and director of the International Criminal Justice Programme of No Peace without Justice.
Threats to civil society 
One side-event, ironically on increasing threats to civil society working on the ICC, saw Kenyan human rights defender Gladwell Otieno threatened by a delegate with ties to the Kenyan government,  underlining the need for all states parties to be vigilant in their protection of civil society and vehement in supporting the integrity and independence of the Court. The ASP at this session adopted a statement of concern at the threats faced by NGOs working on the ICC.
“This is reflective of the way government treats human rights defenders in Kenya. They insult us, defame us, malign us… because we have a higher profile, there is more international attention on us, we are in a somewhat better position. But there are lots of young men in the slums or ghettos who are no longer living or who are regularly brutalised by police,” said Gladwell Otieno, executive director,  The Africa Centre for Open Governance (AfriCOG), representing Kenyans for Peace with Truth and Justice. “[It] is a worrying sign for civil society and I think that it is something that we need to pay a lot more attention to and something that we would also be looking to states to pay a lot more attention to and to speak out against,” Smith continued.

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Appel S’unir pour la paix en Syrie
Libération, 02 Dec 2016


223 organisations humanitaires internationales de toutes confessions lancent un appel mondial de la société civile aux Etats membres de l’ONU pour l'arrêt des bombardements sur Alep-Est.
 
 
Le Conseil de Sécurité a abandonné les Syriens. Depuis bientôt six ans de conflit, près d’un demi-million de personnes ont été tuées et 11 millions ont été déplacés de force sur le territoire. Plus récemment, la Russie, le régime et leurs alliés ont mené des attaques illégales sur Alep-Est, se souciant peu des quelques 250 000 civils piégés sur place. Les groupes armés d’opposition ont pour leur part continué de tirer des obus de mortier et d’autres projectiles sur les quartiers résidentiels d’Alep-Ouest, même si le haut-commissaire pour les droits de l’homme a rappelé que «les frappes aériennes indiscriminées du régime sur la partie Est de la ville par les forces gouvernementales et leurs alliés sont responsables de la très grande majorité des victimes civiles.» Les efforts pour mettre un terme à ces atrocités et tenir les auteurs de ces crimes pour responsables ont été bloqués à maintes reprises par la Russie, qui continue d’abuser de son pouvoir de veto au Conseil de Sécurité.
L’envoyé spécial des Nations unies pour la Syrie, Steffan de Mistura, a affirmé que l’ONU ne peut pas laisser se produire «un nouveau Srebrenica, un nouveau Rwanda, et à moins que quelque chose ne soit fait, c’est malheureusement ce que nous acceptons de laisser se produire sous nos yeux».Pourtant, rien n’indique que le blocage du conseil de sécurité touche à sa fin. Le gardien de la paix et de la sécurité internationales a manqué à la responsabilité que lui confie la charte des Nations unies, comme il a manqué à sa responsabilité de protéger le peuple syrien.
C’est pourquoi nous, coalition mondiale de 223 organisations de la société civile, appelons urgemment les Etats membres des Nations unies à intervenir et demander une session extraordinaire d’urgence de l’assemblée générale de l’ONU pour exiger la fin de toutes les attaques illégales à Alep et dans le reste de la Syrie, et garantir l’accès humanitaire immédiat et sans entrave pour acheminer de l’aide à tous ceux qui en dépendent. Les Etats membres devraient aussi considérer comment traduire en justice les auteurs de crimes les plus graves de droit international, quel que soit leur camp.
Nous saluons l’initiative du Canada cherchant à mobiliser l’assemblée générale de l’ONU, et nous exhortons tous les Etats membres à rejoindre les 73 pays, de tous les continents, qui la soutiennent déjà. Ces pays devraient travailler à une session extraordinaire d’urgence de l’assemblée générale le plus rapidement possible, tel que les Etats membres de l’ONU l’ont fait par le passé lorsque le Conseil de Sécurité était bloqué.
Nous appelons en particulier les 112 Etats signataires du code de conduite ACT «Responsabilité, cohérence et transparence», qui comprend un engagement pour soutenir «des actions opportunes et décisives» cherchant à prévenir ou mettre un terme à la perpétration de crimes de génocide, crimes contre l’humanité et crimes de guerre, à soutenir cette initiative et promouvoir activement des actions robustes au sein de l’assemblée générale des Nations unies. L’inaction ne peut pas être une option. Les Etats membres de l’ONU devraient faire usage de tous les moyens diplomatiques à leur disposition pour mettre un terme aux atrocités et protéger les millions de civils en Syrie. L’Histoire jugera sévèrement ceux qui ne se seront pas montrés à la hauteur de cette situation.

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NEWS ABOUT THE COURTS – call for investigation of crimes in Philippines
Post by Carmen Risimini, ICL Media Review, 29 Nov 2016


NGO calls for ICC to investigate alleged Duterte crimes: On Wednesday 23 November 2016, the international human rights group No Peace Without Justice, in the margins of the 15th Session of the International Criminal Court Assembly of States convened a side event called “International Criminal Liability for Spoken Word Alone: Inducing and Soliciting Crimes against Humanity under article  25(3)(b) of the Rome ICC Statute. A prima Facie case against President Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines”.  The group called for an ICC investigation against President Rodrigo Duterte and alleged extra-judicial killings in order to end “state-sponsored” violence occurring in the Philippines. According to the group, since Duerte was elected President, there have been at least 2236 drug-related deaths.  Philippines acceded to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court in 2011 but recently President Duterte  said his country might follow Russia’s step to with draw from the ICC. (ABS-CBN News)

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Difendiamoli! Oggi alla Camera un convegno sui difensori dei diritti umani
di Riccardo Noury, Corriere della Sera, 28 Nov 2016


Arrivano da alcuni tra i luoghi di maggiore crisi umanitaria e dove i diritti umani sono in costante violazione: Iraq, Siria, Afghanistan, Mauritania e India. Luoghi dove prendere la parola, organizzare campagne per la protezione dei diritti umani e difendere coloro che ne subiscono la violazione costa un prezzo spesso assai alto. Sono i difensori dei diritti umani, categoria che comprende un universo di uomini e donne blogger, giornalisti, avvocati e sindacalisti. Difendono i diritti umani e per questo hanno bisogno di essere difesi.
Questo è l’intento delle Ong italiane che hanno organizzato l’incontro odierno alla Camera dei deputati. Intento che diventerà una campagna dal titolo “Difendiamoli!”
Sono previsti gli interventi di Nibras Almamuri (presidente del Forum delle giornaliste irachene – Iraq), Weeda Ahmad (Associazione per la ricerca della giustizia sociale – Afghanistan), Aseem Trivedi (Campagna “Salva la tua voce” – India); Biram Dah Abeid (presidente dell’Iniziativa per la rinascita del movimento abolizionista – Mauritania);  Zaidoun al Zoabi (presidente dell’Unione delle organizzazioni siriane di soccorso medico – Siria); e Falah Alwan (Federazione dei sindacati dei lavoratori – Iraq).
L’evento è promosso da AIDOS, Amnesty International, Associazione Antigone – Coalizione Italiana Libertà e Diritti Civili, AOI, ARCI, ARCS, Associazione Articolo 21, CGIL , Comitato Giustizia per i Nuovi Desaparecidos, COSPE onlus, Fondazione Lelio e Lisli Basso-Issoco, Giuristi Democratici, Greenpeace Italia, Legambiente, Libera. Associazioni Nomi e Numeri contro le mafie, Non c’è Pace senza Giustizia, Radicali Italiani, Rete per la Pace, Terra Nuova, Peace Brigades International – Italia, Progetto Endangered Lawyers/Avvocati Minacciati, Unione Camere Penali Italiane e Un ponte per…).L’evento è promosso da AIDOS, Amnesty International, Associazione Antigone – Coalizione Italiana Libertà e Diritti Civili, AOI, ARCI, ARCS, Associazione Articolo 21, CGIL , Comitato Giustizia per i Nuovi Desaparecidos, COSPE onlus, Fondazione Lelio e Lisli Basso-Issoco, Giuristi Democratici, Greenpeace Italia, Legambiente, Libera. Associazioni Nomi e Numeri contro le mafie, Non c’è Pace senza Giustizia, Radicali Italiani, Rete per la Pace, Terra Nuova, Peace Brigades International – Italia, Progetto Endangered Lawyers/Avvocati Minacciati, Unione Camere Penali Italiane e Un ponte per…).

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In arrivo in Italia una delegazione internazionale di difensori dei diritti umani
Agenpress, 27 Nov 2016


Arrivano da Iraq, Siria, Egitto, Afghanistan, Mauritania e India, e saranno in Italia ospiti di un convegno organizzato alla Camera dei Deputati di Roma.
Sono le attiviste e gli attivisti per i diritti umani che compongono la delegazione internazionale accompagnata da una coalizione di organizzazioni italiane impegnate sul fronte della tutela e della protezione degli human rights defenders.
“Difendiamoli!” il titolo del convegno (promosso da AIDOS, Amnesty International, Associazione Antigone – Coalizione Italiana Libertà e Diritti Civili, AOI, ARCI, ARCS, Associazione Articolo 21, CGIL , Comitato Giustizia per i Nuovi Desaparecidos, COSPE, Fondazione Lelio e Lisli Basso-Issoco, Giuristi Democratici, Greenpeace Italia, Legambiente, Libera. Associazioni Nomi e Numeri contro le mafie, Non c’è Pace senza Giustizia, Radicali Italiani, Rete per la Pace, Terra Nuova, Peace Brigades International – Italia, Progetto Endangered Lawyers/Avvocati Minacciati, Unione Camere Penali Italiane e Un ponte per…), organizzato in collaborazione con Front Line Defenders e con il patrocinio della Camera dei Deputati.
L’appuntamento è previsto per il 28 novembre alle 14.30 presso la Camera dei Deputati (Sala della Lupa), piazza del Parlamento 24.

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International Criminal Court urged to probe Duterte, killings
Ron Gagalac, ABS-CBN News, 23 Nov 2016


 
 
 
THE HAGUE - An international human rights group on Wednesday called for an International Criminal Court (ICC) investigation against President Rodrigo Duterte and alleged extra-judicial killings in the Philippines. 
"Our greatest concern is that there appears to be crimes against humanity being committed in the Philippines with no attempt to stop them no attempt to investigate and prosecute them," Alison Smith from the group No Peace Without Justice told ABS-CBN News.
At the sidelines of the 15th Session of the ICC Assembly of States, No Peace Without Justice conducted a side event called "International Criminal Liability for Spoken Word Alone: Inducing and Soliciting Crimes against Humanity under Article 25(3)(b) of the Rome ICC Statute. A prima facie case against President Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines".
The group said Duterte could be guilty of violating Article 25(3)(b) of the ICC's Rome Statute, which states that an individual is criminally responsible and liable for punishment for crimes within the Court’s jurisdiction if that person “orders, solicits or induces the commission of such a crime which in fact occurs or is attempted."
Since Duterte assumed the presidency, there have been at least 2,236 drug-related deaths. Of this number, 1,287 died in police operations while 788 were killed by unidentified assailants.
The group said the ICC should take action to curb "state-sponsored" violence in the Philippines. 
"There is no investigation currently taking place (at the ICC), the prosecutor has stated that she is watching the Philippines to see whether there are crimes that might be under the jurisdiction of the court, and for us this is a good thing because its part of her obligation to watch whats going on with the state parties and to say shes watching whats happening," said Smith.
ICC Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda earlier said she is “deeply concerned" about the alleged killings and officials seemingly condoning them.
Philippine Ambassador to the Netherlands Jaime Victor Ledda said he has not received any official queries from the ICC regarding the issue. "The important thing here is to convey the position of the Philippines with respect to the illegal drugs campaign and seek understanding of what were going through and trying to do to address the situation," he said.
Created in 1998 through the United Nations treaty called the Rome Statute, the ICC has jurisdiction over 124 territories, including the Philippines, which became a signatory 16 years ago.
Duterte recently threatened to follow Russia in its withdrawal from the international tribunal. Smith said any withdrawal from the Rome Statute would be regrettable.  "The state parties here would prefer that doesn't happen...that being said, if the decision is taken to withdraw then we would be looking forward to welcome the Philippines back when its ready to rejoin the Rome Statute system," she said.

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ASP 15 Day Four - Will Syria ever justice?
Coalition for the ICC, 19 Nov 2016


On the fourth day of the annual Assembly of States Parties, informal consultations on the omnibus resolution and the budget continued through the day, along with several side events on accountability for Syria, victim's reparations, and justice for children affected by grave crimes.
The side event on “Accountability options for Syria” was hosted by Canada, Liechtenstein and No Peace Without Justice. Speakers included Paul Wilke - Permanent representative of the Netherlands to the ICC, Rami Nakhla - PWJ Syria Project Coordinator, Ayman Ghojal - Syrian Human Rights Defender, Richard Dicker - Human Rights Watch (HRW).
This side event discussed accountability for the situation in Syria. Panelists discussed a range of topics, including the possibility of a UN Security Council referral, alternative justice mechanisms, evidence collection by various NGOs, the alleged use of chemical weapons by Syria and positive developments such as national proceedings against suspected perpetrators of grave crimes in various countries. Panelists commended the efforts made by governments like Germany, France and Sweden to bring perpetrators of war crimes in Syria to justice. 

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Il mondo si è accorto del genocidio degli yazidi
Adriano Sofri, Il Foglio, 29 Oct 2016


Dopo i riconoscimenti dell’Onu, il premio Sacharov assegnato a due giovani donne dalle storie esemplari per la tragedia del popolo yazida conferma l’impressione che finalmente l’ignoranza, l’indifferenza o la minimizzazione nei confronti di quel capitolo più orrendo della orrenda storia del jihadismo dell’Isis siano superate, e che il mondo, e anche una parte significativa del bel mondo, il che non nuoce, ne stia sposando, con più di due anni di ritardo, la causa.
Tre giorni fa è stato il Parlamento canadese a votare all’unanimità sulla natura della persecuzione degli yazidi come genocidio, e ad annunciare una disponibilità ad accoglierne dei rifugiati. Ma le persone che più concretamente fuori e dentro del Kurdistan iracheno che si impegnano a questa causa continuano a sottolineare una sproporzione forte fra i riconoscimenti simbolici e i fatti. I fatti vanno dalle risorse destinate al soccorso, a cominciare da quelle che possono ancora voler dire la liberazione di prigioniere abusate e torturate, alla rivendicazione del riconoscimento dei crimini di guerra commessi contro gli yazidi oltre che nelle sedi politiche nella sede pertinente della Corte Penale Internazionale. Questo giornale ha avuto un’attenzione frequente alla persecuzione degli yazidi come di altre minoranze, compresi i cristiani d’Iraq e di Siria delle varie confessioni.
Segnalo che a Roma, nell’ambito del congresso dei Radicali italiani, dunque in una sede aperta a tutti, domenica pomeriggio si discuterà delle persecuzioni delle minoranze in Iraq e Siria con l’intervento della signora Vian Dakhil, unica deputata yazida al parlamento iracheno, colei che per prima seppe gridare al mondo l’infamia che si stava abbattendo sulla sua gente, della signora Nareen Shammo, attivista e giornalista yazida, di Abdulahad Astepho, esponente assiro-caldeo siriano, di Rami Nakhla, capo del Syria Team di Non c’è pace senza giustizia, della giornalista Francesca Paci e di altre voci competenti.

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L'Alternativa. Nice e l'impegno di Amref per le donne dell'Africa
Radio Radicale, 25 Oct 2016


Incontro organizzato da African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF). Nice Nailantei Leng'ete è una giovane donna keniota, divenuta simbolo mondiale della lotta alle mutilazioni genitali femminili. 
Sono intervenuti: Alessandra Longo (giornalista), Ilaria Borletti Buitoni (sottosegretario di Stato al Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali), Nice Nailantei Leng'ete (ambasciatrice eoperatrice dell'Amref Health Africa), Alessandra Longo (giornalista de La Repubblica), Emma Bonino (fondatrice di Non c'è Pace Senza Giustizia), Paolo Briguglia (attore).

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Il Sudafrica annuncia l'intenzione di uscire dalla Corte Penale Internazionale
Radio Radicale, 22 Oct 2016


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Collegamento con Niccolò Figà Talamanca (segretario generale dell'Associazione Non c'è Pace senza Giustizia) realizzato da Lorenzo Rendi.

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Convegno "Why women matter - Promoting gender balance in public life and economic strategies"
Radio Radicale, 21 Oct 2016


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
L'evento è stato organizzato da Ministero degli Affari Esteri e della Cooperazione Internazionale. In collaborazione con WE - Women Empower the World (il cui Comitato Esecutivo è presieduto da Emma Bonino, fondatrice di Non c’è Pace Senza Giustizia, e Marta Dassù) , l'Organizzazione per la cooperazione e lo sviluppo economico (OCSE) e Aspen Institute.

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Christians and the impending crisis in Mosul
BarnabasAid, 20 Oct 2016


The situation in Iraq is now reaching crisis point as the Iraqi army, together with a loose coalition of forces, close in on Islamic State’s stronghold in the city of Mosul.
Barnabas Aid has in the last 24 hours spoken with one of the archbishops of Mosul. He stated that Christians who fled two years ago from the villages near Mosul, which have been liberated from Islamic State (IS) in the last few days, are unsure whether to return to their homes.   Their greatest concerns are the safety and security issues, but it is likely to be a month before the situation becomes clearer. The archbishop has specifically asked Barnabas Aid supporters to pray for these Christians to know God’s will.
As far as the situation in Mosul itself is concerned, he questions whether Christians will ever be allowed back in the city for reasons which we explain more fully in our editorial.
Those now fleeing the city of Mosul ahead of the impending battle are almost exclusively Sunni Muslims, as the Christians of Mosul were forced to leave in 2014 when IS took over. Although IS initially appeared willing to allow Christians in Mosul to have dhimmi status, shortly afterwards they gave them the choice of immediately converting to Islam, leaving or being executed. As a report by a coalition of well-respected human rights organisations stated: “After assuming control of Mosul, ISIS published a charter demanding that Christians pay a ‘jizya’ (a tax paid by non-Muslims) and imposing harsh punishments, such as public crucifixions. On 17 July, ISIS militants began to paint Christian homes with the Arabic letter ‘Nun’ (signifying Nasrani, a word used to refer to Christians) and with ‘property of the Islamic State’. On 18 July 2014, ISIS members announced in all of Mosul’s mosques that the Christian population had until noon of 19 July 2014 to leave the city or face execution.”
(Institute for International Law and Human Rights, Minority Rights Group International, No Peace without Justice and Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization Between the Millstones: The State of Iraq’s Minorities Since the Fall of Mosul (February 2015).

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La CPI s’apprête à compenser les victimes
CCTV.com française, 16 Oct 2016


La Cour pénale internationale a franchi une étape de plus après une semaine d'audiences vers le débloquage d'une aide pécuniaire pour les enfants forcés à combattre en République démocratique du Congo à partir de 2002. Le chef de guerre congolais Thomas Lubanga a déjà été jugé et mis en prison. Mais la cour continue de distribuer les réparations, même des années après le débat.
Dans les yeux de la Cour pénale internationale, il ne fait aucun doute que Thomas Lubanga est un criminel de guerre. Mais les juges n'ont pas encore décidé de la compensation à accorder aux victimes.
Alison Smith, activiste, No Peace Without Justice : "C'est la première fois qu'il y aura des réparations devant la CPI et ça sera un test sur la façon dont la question est gérée."
En 2012, Lubanga devenait la première personne à être condamnée pour crimes de guerre par la CPI. La cour l'a condamné à 14 ans de prison mais a également ordonné de compenser les victimes. Les procureurs disent que les enfants enlevés avant l'âge de 15 ans et forcés à combattre dans des guerres ethniques sanglantes en République démocratique du Congo qui ont commencé en 2002. Cette semaine, les organisations d'aide aux enfants-soldats se sont exprimées devant la CPI.
Brigid Inder, Directrice exécutive, Initiatives des femmes pour la justice du genre : "Beaucoup ont envisagé le suicide en raison du rejet dont ils ont fait l'objet par leurs familles et communautés. La marginalisation des anciens enfants-soldats est un obstacle sérieux à leur rétablissement." La CPI a déjà établi un fonds de 1,1 million de dollars pour aider les enfants-soldats de Lubanga. Mais lors de l'audience de la semaine, leurs avocats ont demandé à la cour de débloquer plus de fonds. Quel que soit le chiffre, Lubanga devra rembourser. Les observateurs de la CPI disent que la tâche est difficile.
Alison Smith, activiste, No Peace Without Justice : "Comment donner une valeur pécuniaire à la souffrance des gens. Cela dépend de ce qu'ils peuvent faire de leur vie et de la façon dont on peut les aider à reprendre une vie normale." Les audiences de réparations sont terminées et la CPI va donner sa décision. La cour dit que les anciens combatants ne recevront pas d'argent liquide. L'argent sera plutôt distribué à des organisations d'aide au rétablissement après des traumatismes de guerre.

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Bonino: "Quanta vitalità nelle donne africane e arabe. Sono le più inventive"
di Sara Ficocelli, Repubblica, 12 Oct 2016


Abbiamo incontrato l'ex Ministro degli Esteri e Commissario Europeo a Roma, durante l'incontro "Bambine, non spose" organizzato dall'Unicef in occasione della Giornata mondiale delle bambine e delle ragazze: "Non dobbiamo mollare sui diritti umani. Abbiamo già mollato abbastanza".
Come sarebbe il mondo se ogni donna avesse la possibilità di esprimere a pieno il proprio potenziale? Per rispondere a questa domanda bisognerebbe innazitutto risolvere il problema che accomuna 700 milioni di ragazze e bambine, costrette dalla famiglia a sposarsi ancora minorenni e quasi sempre trattate alla stregua di un oggetto, abusate, tenute ai margini, sia della società che della propria vita.
Per discutere del dramma delle spose bambine l'Unicef, in occasione della Giornata mondiale delle bambine e delle ragazze (11 ottobre), ha organizzato a Roma l'incontro "Bambine, non spose", invitando a parlare, con altri illustri relatori, la senatrice radicale Emma Bonino, già Ministro degli Esteri e Commissario Europeo.
Oggi si parla di matrimoni precoci. A che punto siamo della battaglia? "I diritti civili e umani vengono considerati purtroppo una politica di serie B, e difficoltà ulteriori si incontrano se parliamo di diritti umani al femminile. Ricordo quando incontrai la più giovane divorziata al mondo, Nojoon, 10 anni, dello Yemen. La bambina era riuscita a scappare dal marito e aveva trovato rifugio in un tribunale. Nessuno se la filava, finché un giorno un'avvocatessa la notò mentre piangeva, l'avvicinò e si offrì di difenderla. Vinse la causa. Ogni singolo episodio come questo significa moltissimo per le bambine e le donne di tutto il mondo".
Che cosa ha fatto negli ultimi anni in questo campo l'Italia? "Il nostro Paese negli ultimi venti anni è stato protagonista di una battaglia di cui noi Radicali, in particolare con Non c'è pace senza giustizia, siamo stati parte: di mutilazioni genitali femminili nel 1990 in molti Paesi non si poteva neanche parlare, oggi la discussione è aperta. E' stato avviato un processo di cambiamento fondamentale".

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Panel Discussion in Geneva On Role of Civil Society in Promoting Justice & Accountability
Syrian Coalition, 22 Sep 2016

On the occasion of the 33rd Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva, No Peace Without Justice and the Euro-Syrian Democratic Forum on Wednesday convened a side event titled: "Syria: The United Nations Universal Periodic Review (UPR) process and civil society’s role in promoting justice and accountability."
The meeting was co-sponsored by the Syrian Coalition as well as by the Governments of Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Netherlands, Qatar, UK, USA and the EU Delegation.
Panelists of the meeting, co-chaired by Niccolò Figà-Talamanca, Secretary General of No Peace Without Justice and Hussein Sabbagh, Secretary General of Euro-Syrian Democratic Forum, included Riyad Al-Najem from Hurras, a Syrian child protection network, Husam Alkatlaby from The Violations Documentation Center in Syria, Ola Aljoundi from Women Now for Development, and Diab Serrih from The Day After. Welcoming remarks were made by the UN permanent representative of Liechtenstein, UK, US, and Italy. Key speakers in the panel discussion were the UN permanent representatives of Qatar, Turkey and Belgium.
The event focused on the situation of children, young people and women, efforts to document the widespread violations committed in the last five years in Syria and ways to achieve justice and accountability for the victims of these crimes. The event aimed to raise awareness about the role the United Nations Universal Periodic Review (UPR) process can play in highlighting the importance of including the Syrian civil society community in the pursuit of a political solution in Syria.
Representatives of Syrian civil society organizations submitted a set of recommendations to the UPR the UN Human Rights Council will hold in October. The event also discussed widespread violence against women, the impact of the ongoing war on children and young people, methodologies employed in documenting systematic violations against civilians, the importance of accountability and justice in making peace, and civilian protection. A representative of the Syrian Network for Human Rights also talked in the panel discussion. 

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Qatar Mission in Geneva Discusses Civil Society’s Role in Syria
QNA / FANANEWS, 21 Sep 2016


Geneva, September 21 (QNA) – The Permanent Mission of the State of Qatar to the United Nations Office at Geneva, in collaboration with the permanent missions of France, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom, United States, Liechtenstein and the Organization No Peace Without Justice organized today a side event on Syria: the UPR process and civil society’s role in promoting justice and accountability”, on the occasion of the 33th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva.
The event focused on the situation of children, young people and women, the efforts to document the widespread violations committed in the last five years and on how achieve justice and accountability for the victims of these crimes, this side event aims at raising awareness about the role the United Nations Universal Periodic Review (UPR) process can play in reinforcing the importance of including the Syrian civil society community in the pursuit of a political solution to the war in Syria.
The meeting serves as a reminder that the urgent priority of reaching a lasting political solution requires an inclusive and participatory process capable to ensure that the root causes of the conflict be addressed. It aims to articulate the request from Syrian civil society for freedom, democracy and accountability for violations and abuses of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, irrespective of their ethnic, religious and political affiliation, which must be met to foster national reconciliation and a political solution.
Addressing the meeting, HE Ambassador Faisal bin Abdullah Al Henzab, Permanent Representative of Qatar to the United Nations Office at Geneva, said that in light of the serious deterioration of the situation of human rights and humanitarian situation in Syria, which resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths and prisoners and millions of displaced persons and refugees, mostly women and children, and the complete collapse of the infrastructure and services, the international community must remember that all of this is the great price paid by the Syrians for demanding freedom and democracy and the elimination of injustice, tyranny and dictatorship.
HE Ambassador stressed that the solution to the Syrian crisis must be through empowering the Syrian people for the leadership of the political transition based on the Geneva Principles (1) and the relevant international resolutions, in order to build a new future for its country in a way that Bashar al-Assad does not have a role in it, while keeping with the state institutions.
He also stressed that the prevalence of impunity from accountability in Syria cannot continue neither morally nor legally, and that any failure or lack of seriousness in this aspect, will repeat violations without any deterrent in other places of the world, causing loss of justice and the rights of the oppressed.

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#JusticeGlobale Hebdo – Autour du Monde
#JusticeGlobale, 22 Jul 2016


Le membre du Comité exécutif de la Coalition, No Peace Without Justice, a publié un nouveau rapport intitulé No Way Home: Iraq’s Minorities on the Verge of Disappearance, (« Pas de moyen de retour : Les minorités de l’Irak au bord de l’extinction »), documentant les crimes qui auraient été commis par Daesh et d’autres forces contre les minorités ethniques et religieuses du nord de l’Irak depuis la chute de Mossoul en juin 2014 jusqu’à février 2016, y compris le meurtre, la mutilation, l’enlèvement et le mariage forcé et l’esclavage sexuel d’innombrables femmes et filles. Voir la présentation du rapport au Parlement européen.

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After 13 years of war, Iraq’s minorities on verge of disappearing, rights groups warn
Daily Star / Reuters, 05 Jul 2016


Many of Iraq's minorities are on the verge of disappearance after 13 years of war, campaigners warned on Monday. "The impact on minorities has been catastrophic. Saddam was terrible; the situation since is worse. Tens of thousands of minorities have been killed and millions have fled for their lives," said Mark Lattimer, head of Minority Rights Group (MRG). Iraq's Christian population, which before 2003 numbered as many as 1.4 million, is now under 250,000, according to a report by MRG and other rights organisations.
Civil conflicts and sectarian tensions have engulfed the country since 2003 when a U.S.-led coalition toppled Saddam Hussein. In 2014 Islamic State militants declared a caliphate after capturing swathes of Iraq and Syria. Minorities including the Yazidi, Turkmen, Shabak, Christians and Kaka'i have been disproportionately affected by the recent violence, the report said. Tens of thousands have been murdered, maimed or abducted and many women and girls forced into marriage or sexual enslavement.
The report demands an end to impunity for crimes against minorities. It says planning should begin immediately for a post-Islamic State era to enable them to return to their homelands. It also calls for the protection of mass graves in areas captured from Islamic State and the deployment of forensic teams to investigate possible war crimes. The report, "No Way Home: Iraq's Minorities on the Verge of Disappearance", says Iraqi security forces and Kurdish peshmerga forces have also committed war crimes.
An estimated 3.4 million people are now uprooted inside Iraq. And as many as one in five displaced Iraqis interviewed by researchers felt they had no choice but to flee the country because of the lack of basic services and security. The authors warned that displacement could soar with an assault to retake Mosul from Islamic State - potentially uprooting another 1 million people and creating hundreds of thousands more refugees. The report on minorities is published by MRG, Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization, the Institute for International Law and Human Rights and No Peace Without Justice.

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Iraq’s Religious, Ethnic Minorities on Verge of Disappearing: Report
By Lucy Westcott, Newsweek, 05 Jul 2016


After more than a decade of war in Iraq, the country's religious and ethnic minority groups are on the verge of disappearing, according to a new report. The report documents how several thousand people belonging to minority communities in Iraq have been abducted, maimed or murdered since June 2014, when the Islamic State (ISIS) militant group took control of Mosul, Iraq.
Among them are unknown numbers of women and girls who have been raped or forced into marriage or sexual enslavement by ISIS fighters. Efforts to retake Mosul later this year could result in a total of a million people being displaced, warns the report published on Monday by Minority Rights Group International, the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization, Institute for International Law and Human Rights, and No Peace Without Justice.

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REVEALED: The city where ISIS now occupies all churches as Christians face wipe out
By Tom Batchelor, Express, 04 Jul 2016


Christians and other religious minorities face the prospect of annihilation in Iraq after more than a decade of sectarian bloodshed and the rise of Islamic State, leading charities have warned.
Crazed jihadis have looted, destroyed, or occupied all 45 churches in the city of Mosul, while targeting scores more across the country. Large numbers of Iraq's other ethnic and religious minorities have also been murdered, maimed or abducted, while unknown numbers of women and girls have been forced into marriage or sexual enslavement since the fall of Mosul to ISIS in June 2014. The shocking reality for Christians living in Iraq was revealed in a report, No Way Home: Iraq's Minorities on the Verge of Disappearance. It said there was a "large exodus of Christians" from Iraq immediately after the US invasion as community members were targeted for their religious differences as well as their perceived ties to the West. Two successive wars in Iraq - the first by the British and Americans in 2003, and the second with ISIS a decade later - has seen the Christian population in Iraq tumble from 1.4million before 2003 to under 250,000 today.
The report describes the "sweeping scale of the destruction of houses, shrines and other institutions belonging to Christians", including dozens of houses that were blown up in Mosul by ISIS fanatics. The charities add: "Since the fall of Mosul, ISIS has destroyed, occupied, converted to mosques, reused as ISIS headquarters or shuttered all Christian institutions in Mosul. All 45 churches and monasteries inside Mosul are reportedly now occupied by ISIS, who have looted, burned and destroyed property, in addition to removing the building's crosses."
Those Christians who have chosen to stay have been subjected to punitive taxes by ISIS. Christian women have also been targeted in heinous crimes including sexual assaults and the rape of girls as young as 12. The charities which co-wrote the report include the Minority Rights Group International, the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organisation and Institute for International Law and Human Rights. They say ISIS fighters prefer younger women and girls as they are symbols of virginity and purity.
One Christian mother from Mosul who was interviewed for the study described being forced to 'marry' several ISIS militants who would rape and then 'divorce' her. She said: "We tried to fight them off, but in vain. They had their fun, and then they did it again. I was raped four times, the other girl three. On their way out, the men divorced us. Ten minutes later two more men, this time Iraqi, entered the room. We were married and raped again. That night I was married to eight different men and divorced eight times. Each man raped me three or four times."
Mark Lattimer, Minority Rights Group International's executive director, said: "Thirteen years of war have had devastating long-term consequences for Iraqi society. The impact on minorities has been catastrophic. Saddam was terrible; the situation since is worse. Tens of thousands of religious and ethnic minorities have been killed and millions have fled for their lives." Other minority religious and ethnic groups have also faced persecution. Most of those belonging to the Yazidi and Kaka'i communities have been forced from their homes and are now living as refugees either inside Iraq or abroad. Alison Smith, of No Peace Without Justice, added: "It's unthinkable that crimes of this magnitude and impact are being committed with total impunity. The Government of Iraq really needs to take urgent steps to provide redress to the victims - referring the situation to the International Criminal Court would be a good start."

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Iraq's Minorities 'On Verge of Disappearance,' Rights Group Warns
Emma Batha, Haaretz / Reuters, 04 Jul 2016


Minorities including the Yazidi, Turkmen, Shabak, Christians and Kaka'i have been disproportionately affected by the recent violence.
Many of Iraq's minorities are on the verge of disappearance after 13 years of war, campaigners warned on Monday. "The impact on minorities has been catastrophic. Saddam was terrible; the situation since is worse. Tens of thousands of minorities have been killed and millions have fled for their lives," said Mark Lattimer, head of Minority Rights Group (MRG). Iraq's Christian population, which before 2003 numbered as many as 1.4 million, is now under 250,000, according to a report by MRG and other rights organisations.
Civil conflicts and sectarian tensions have engulfed the country since 2003 when a U.S.-led coalition toppled Saddam Hussein. In 2014 Islamic State militants declared a caliphate after capturing swathes of Iraq and Syria. Minorities including the Yazidi, Turkmen, Shabak, Christians and Kaka'i have been disproportionately affected by the recent violence, the report said. Tens of thousands have been murdered, maimed or abducted and many women and girls forced into marriage or sexual enslavement.
The report demands an end to impunity for crimes against minorities. It says planning should begin immediately for a post-Islamic State era to enable them to return to their homelands. It also calls for the protection of mass graves in areas captured from Islamic State and the deployment of forensic teams to investigate possible war crimes. The report, "No Way Home: Iraq's Minorities on the Verge of Disappearance", says Iraqi security forces and Kurdish peshmerga forces have also committed war crimes.
An estimated 3.4 million people are now uprooted inside Iraq. And as many as one in five displaced Iraqis interviewed by researchers felt they had no choice but to flee the country because of the lack of basic services and security. The authors warned that displacement could soar with an assault to retake Mosul from Islamic State - potentially uprooting another 1 million people and creating hundreds of thousands more refugees.
The report on minorities is published by MRG, Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization, the Institute for International Law and Human Rights and No Peace Without Justice

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Iraq's minorities 'on verge of disappearance' - rights groups
By Emma Batha, Reuters, 04 Jul 2016


Many of Iraq's minorities are on the verge of disappearance after 13 years of war, campaigners warned on Monday.
"The impact on minorities has been catastrophic. Saddam was terrible; the situation since is worse. Tens of thousands of minorities have been killed and millions have fled for their lives," said Mark Lattimer, head of Minority Rights Group (MRG).
Iraq's Christian population, which before 2003 numbered as many as 1.4 million, is now under 250,000, according to a report by MRG and other rights organisations.
Civil conflicts and sectarian tensions have engulfed the country since 2003 when a U.S.-led coalition toppled Saddam Hussein. In 2014 Islamic State militants declared a caliphate after capturing swathes of Iraq and Syria. Minorities including the Yazidi, Turkmen, Shabak, Christians and Kaka'i have been disproportionately affected by the recent violence, the report said.
Tens of thousands have been murdered, maimed or abducted and many women and girls forced into marriage or sexual enslavement.
"One cannot say anything positive about Saddam - he was a genocidal dictator, but for many minorities the situation is now much worse," said co-author Lattimer. The Yazidis hit the headlines in mid-2014 when Islamic State militants attacked them in northwest Iraq, killing, capturing and enslaving thousands. The jihadist group has shown particular cruelty to the Yazidis, whom they regard as devil-worshippers. Most Yazidis, along with another minority called the Kaka'i, have been forced from their traditional lands. Also highlighted, is the plight of the Shi'ite Turkmen and Shabak communities who have been driven south.
MASS GRAVES
The report demands an end to impunity for crimes against minorities. It says planning should begin immediately for a post-Islamic State era to enable them to return to their homelands. It also calls for the protection of mass graves in areas captured from Islamic State and the deployment of forensic teams to investigate possible war crimes. The report, "No Way Home: Iraq's Minorities on the Verge of Disappearance", says Iraqi security forces and Kurdish peshmerga forces have also committed war crimes.
An estimated 3.4 million people are now uprooted inside Iraq. And as many as one in five displaced Iraqis interviewed by researchers felt they had no choice but to flee the country because of the lack of basic services and security.
The authors warned that displacement could soar with an assault to retake Mosul from Islamic State - potentially uprooting another 1 million people and creating hundreds of thousands more refugees.
Lattimer said the upcoming Chilcot report on Britain's role in the Iraq war should reflect the devastating long-term consequences for Iraqi society. The long-delayed report is to be released on Wednesday. "Chilcot is expected to criticise 'post-invasion planning' but the U.K. government's biggest - and continuing - mistake has been to support successive Iraqi governments since 2003 in a sectarian war that has cost tens of thousands of civilian lives on both sides," Lattimer said.
The report on minorities is published by MRG, Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization, the Institute for International Law and Human Rights and No Peace Without Justice.

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West Africa: Ecowas Member Communities and Experts On Female Genital Mutilation Lay Strategies for the Way Forward
The Pont (Banjul) / AllAfrica, 15 Jun 2016

Government representatives and experts recently concluded a high level consultation to share experiences on strategies used in the campaign to end Female Genital Mutilation in the Senegalese capital Dakar.
The meeting organized by No Peace Without Justice in partnership with the Senegalese Ministry of Women, Family and Children's Affairs, Inter Africa Committee on Traditional Practices, and other partners supported by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation / Italian Agency for Development Cooperation.
The consultation provided opportunities for the high level meeting to review the implementation of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 69/150 on "intensifying global efforts and sharing good practices to effectively eliminate female genital mutilation" and the fight to eliminate FGM in the ECOWAS countries and Mauritania. The meeting focussed on the particular approaches undertaken in the effective implementation of the existing laws banning FGM at the national level and cooperation to combat trans-border practice of FGM in West Africa.
The high level meeting brought together delegates of the Ministries of Women, Health and Justice of ECOWAS countries and Mauritania, as well as Civil Society participants amongst them the Executive Director of GAMCOTRAP, Dr. Isatou Touray. Speaking as an expert on FGM from The Gambia, Dr. Touray noted that the meeting aimed to revitalize engagement and dialogue between institutions and civil society, as well as contribute to strengthening the political and legislative legal framework to combat FGM as a form of violence against women. The meeting ended with a communiqué to support the total elimination of FGM.
On a separate mission, the Executive Director of GAMCOTRAP is attended an International Conference on Human Rights Approach to Ending Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in One Generation in Geneva, Switzerland. The two days conference is organized by the Inter-African Committee on Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children (IAC), with the objective of showcasing best practices, achievements and progress while highlighting challenges and barriers with concrete action points for moving forward the agenda to end Female Genital Mutilation in One Generation.

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