03 Sept 2018 - NPWJ News Digest on Middle East and North Africa Democracy

Articles

HRW wants end to Saudi arms sale after Yemen school bus attack
AlJazeera, 02 Sep 2018

The Human Rights Watch (HRW) has called for an end to all weapons sales to Saudi Arabia following the bombing of a school bus last month that killed 51 people, including 40 children. The rights group called the attack an apparent war crime and said it places arms suppliers at "risk of complicity in war crimes". HRW's statement, released on Sunday, came just hours after Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates admitted the bombing was "unjustified".
 

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Libya: Civilians Killed in Tripoli Clashes
Human Rights Watch, 01 Sep 2018

Rival armed groups have killed at least 18 civilians, including four children, since clashes broke out in the southern suburbs of Tripoli on August 26, 2018, Human Rights Watch said today. Armed groups should urgently allow the hundreds of civilians trapped to leave and allow safe passage of humanitarian and medical aid and take all feasible precautions to avoid or minimize harm to civilians.
 

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Palestinian refugees angry and dismayed at U.S. for halting funds to U.N. agency
Reuters, 01 Sep 2018

Palestinian refugees reacted with dismay on Saturday to a United States decision to halt funding to a U.N. agency, warning that it would lead to more poverty, anger and instability in the Middle East. The U.S. announcement on Friday that it will no longer support the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) has deepened a cash crisis at the agency, and heightened tensions with the Palestinian leadership.
 

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War Crimes Report on Yemen Accuses Saudi Arabia and U.A.E.
The New York Times, 28 Aug 2018

The military coalition led by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates in Yemen has killed thousands of civilians in airstrikes, tortured detainees, raped civilians and used child soldiers as young as 8 — actions that may amount to war crimes, United Nations investigators said in a report issued Tuesday. The report singled out Saudi and Emirati airstrikes for causing the most civilian casualties, saying they had hit residential areas, markets, funerals, weddings, jails, boats and medical facilities.
 

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Water Management in Fragile Systems: Building Resilience to Shocks and Protracted Crises in the Middle East and North Africa
The World Bank, 28 Aug 2018

Water scarcity is pervasive throughout the Middle East and North Africa and getting worse. Even before the recent political turmoil, several countries in the Middle East and North Africa were struggling to manage their water resources sustainably and to expand water supply and sanitation services efficiently. Now conflict has combined with weak institutional performance and contributed to an intensification of water challenges and a deterioration of water services. A new World Bank-FAO joint discussion paper finds that institutional failures to address water-related challenges can act as risk multipliers, compounding existing situations of fragility. But improving water management can contribute to building resilience in the face of protracted crises.
 

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