4 Aug 2021 - NPWJ News Digest on international criminal justice

Articles

Parents of Beirut blast victim, 3, still seeking justice one year on
Euronews, 04 Aug 2021

Little did Paul and Tracy Naggear know that their beautiful apartment overlooking the port of Beirut would bear witness to the death of their three-year-old daughter Alexandra, or Lexou as they like to call her. The blast on August 4, 2020, killed more than 200 people, wounded 6,500 others and caused billions of dollars in damage. Now, a year after the massive explosion, the couple has become the most prominent face of the victims' families bravely turning their grief into political action. 

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Saudi Arabia: Authorities ramp up repression after G20 hiatus
Amnesty International, 03 Aug 2021

Saudi Arabian authorities have brazenly intensified the persecution of human rights defenders and dissidents and stepped up executions over the past six months, following a lull in prosecutions of activists and a sharp decline in use of the death penalty during Saudi Arabia’s G20 presidency last year, said Amnesty International in a new briefing published today.  Saudi Arabia’s post-G20 crackdown on expression documents how since Saudi Arabia handed over the G20 presidency, authorities have prosecuted, sentenced or ratified sentences of at least 13 people, following grossly unfair trials before the Specialized Criminal Court (SCC). 

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US, UK accuse Taliban of ‘war crimes’ in south Afghan town
Al Jazeera, 02 Aug 2021

The United States and the United Kingdom have accused the Taliban of “war crimes” in the southern town of Spin Boldak in Kandahar province, alleging that dozens of civilians were “massacred”. Afghan President Ashraf Ghani has presented a security plan to challenge the Taliban onslaught before the country’s parliament, but its details have not been made public. The Afghan army has said three provinces in southern and western Afghanistan are facing “critical” security situations as fighting intensifies between the Taliban and Afghan forces.

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Canada: Protesters demand investigation into residential schools
Al Jazeera, 31 Jul 2021

Hundreds of people took part in a rally in the Canadian capital on Saturday to demand an independent investigation into the “residential schools” that Indigenous children were forced to attend for nearly a century and where hundreds of unmarked graves have been discovered in recent weeks. The March for Truth and Justice rally on Parliament Hill in Ottawa was led by New Democratic Party legislators Charlie Angus and Mumilaaq Qaqqaq, who represents the northern territory of Nunavut.

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Protests, accusations against Myanmar junta six months on from coup
Reuters, 31 Jul 2021

Small groups of students protested against Myanmar's military junta on Saturday in Mandalay and a human rights group accused the armed forces of crimes against humanity as the country approached six months since the army's takeover. The junta later on Saturday accused the country's ousted civilian leaders and some foreign diplomats of disseminating "fabricated, distorted and one-sided information". Bands of university students rode motorbikes around Mandalay waving red and green flags, saying they rejected any possibility of talks with the military.

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Liberia: Yes, We Need the War and Economic Crimes Court. but the Establishment of This Court Must Not Be Politicized!
All Africa, 30 Jul 2021

Under International law, as enshrined in the Geneva Convention of 1949 and its subsidiary Additional protocols, all contracting States, including Liberia are obligated to respect the Convention and its additional protocols, when it comes to International Humanitarian Law (IHL). That under international law, IHL regulars the conduct of war both international or locally. This has two components, jus in bello (in Latin) seeks to limit the effects of armed conflict and jus ad bellum (in Latin), regulates the conduct of belligerents during armed conflict.

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Kenya: Why Cybercrimes Are Also Crimes Against Humanity
All Africa, 29 Jul 2021

In January last year, the Communications Authority of Kenya (CA) reported that cyber threats had increased by over 10 per cent in the first quarter of 2019. In the period 2018-2019, the National Cybersecurity Centre detected 51.9 million threats, more than double the 22.1 million in 2017-2018. Technological advancements have created opportunities for cybercrime, or online crimes, which occur because "the perpetrator uses special knowledge of cyberspace". 

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Syrian doctor charged in Germany with crimes against humanity
The Guardian, 29 Jul 2021

A Syrian doctor has been charged in Germany with crimes against humanity for allegedly torturing people in military hospitals in his homeland and killing one of them, German federal prosecutors said on Wednesday. The federal prosecutor’s office in Karlsruhe said in a statement that Alla Mousa, who came to Germany in 2015 and practised medicine before he was arrested last year, was accused of 18 counts of torturing people in military hospitals in the Syrian cities of Homs and Damascus.

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