NPWJ in the news

Difendiamoli! Oggi alla Camera un convegno sui difensori dei diritti umani
di Riccardo Noury, Corriere della Sera, 28 Nov 2016


Arrivano da alcuni tra i luoghi di maggiore crisi umanitaria e dove i diritti umani sono in costante violazione: Iraq, Siria, Afghanistan, Mauritania e India. Luoghi dove prendere la parola, organizzare campagne per la protezione dei diritti umani e difendere coloro che ne subiscono la violazione costa un prezzo spesso assai alto. Sono i difensori dei diritti umani, categoria che comprende un universo di uomini e donne blogger, giornalisti, avvocati e sindacalisti. Difendono i diritti umani e per questo hanno bisogno di essere difesi.
Questo è l’intento delle Ong italiane che hanno organizzato l’incontro odierno alla Camera dei deputati. Intento che diventerà una campagna dal titolo “Difendiamoli!”
Sono previsti gli interventi di Nibras Almamuri (presidente del Forum delle giornaliste irachene – Iraq), Weeda Ahmad (Associazione per la ricerca della giustizia sociale – Afghanistan), Aseem Trivedi (Campagna “Salva la tua voce” – India); Biram Dah Abeid (presidente dell’Iniziativa per la rinascita del movimento abolizionista – Mauritania);  Zaidoun al Zoabi (presidente dell’Unione delle organizzazioni siriane di soccorso medico – Siria); e Falah Alwan (Federazione dei sindacati dei lavoratori – Iraq).
L’evento è promosso da AIDOS, Amnesty International, Associazione Antigone – Coalizione Italiana Libertà e Diritti Civili, AOI, ARCI, ARCS, Associazione Articolo 21, CGIL , Comitato Giustizia per i Nuovi Desaparecidos, COSPE onlus, Fondazione Lelio e Lisli Basso-Issoco, Giuristi Democratici, Greenpeace Italia, Legambiente, Libera. Associazioni Nomi e Numeri contro le mafie, Non c’è Pace senza Giustizia, Radicali Italiani, Rete per la Pace, Terra Nuova, Peace Brigades International – Italia, Progetto Endangered Lawyers/Avvocati Minacciati, Unione Camere Penali Italiane e Un ponte per…).L’evento è promosso da AIDOS, Amnesty International, Associazione Antigone – Coalizione Italiana Libertà e Diritti Civili, AOI, ARCI, ARCS, Associazione Articolo 21, CGIL , Comitato Giustizia per i Nuovi Desaparecidos, COSPE onlus, Fondazione Lelio e Lisli Basso-Issoco, Giuristi Democratici, Greenpeace Italia, Legambiente, Libera. Associazioni Nomi e Numeri contro le mafie, Non c’è Pace senza Giustizia, Radicali Italiani, Rete per la Pace, Terra Nuova, Peace Brigades International – Italia, Progetto Endangered Lawyers/Avvocati Minacciati, Unione Camere Penali Italiane e Un ponte per…).

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In arrivo in Italia una delegazione internazionale di difensori dei diritti umani
Agenpress, 27 Nov 2016


Arrivano da Iraq, Siria, Egitto, Afghanistan, Mauritania e India, e saranno in Italia ospiti di un convegno organizzato alla Camera dei Deputati di Roma.
Sono le attiviste e gli attivisti per i diritti umani che compongono la delegazione internazionale accompagnata da una coalizione di organizzazioni italiane impegnate sul fronte della tutela e della protezione degli human rights defenders.
“Difendiamoli!” il titolo del convegno (promosso da AIDOS, Amnesty International, Associazione Antigone – Coalizione Italiana Libertà e Diritti Civili, AOI, ARCI, ARCS, Associazione Articolo 21, CGIL , Comitato Giustizia per i Nuovi Desaparecidos, COSPE, Fondazione Lelio e Lisli Basso-Issoco, Giuristi Democratici, Greenpeace Italia, Legambiente, Libera. Associazioni Nomi e Numeri contro le mafie, Non c’è Pace senza Giustizia, Radicali Italiani, Rete per la Pace, Terra Nuova, Peace Brigades International – Italia, Progetto Endangered Lawyers/Avvocati Minacciati, Unione Camere Penali Italiane e Un ponte per…), organizzato in collaborazione con Front Line Defenders e con il patrocinio della Camera dei Deputati.
L’appuntamento è previsto per il 28 novembre alle 14.30 presso la Camera dei Deputati (Sala della Lupa), piazza del Parlamento 24.

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International Criminal Court urged to probe Duterte, killings
Ron Gagalac, ABS-CBN News, 23 Nov 2016


 
 
 
THE HAGUE - An international human rights group on Wednesday called for an International Criminal Court (ICC) investigation against President Rodrigo Duterte and alleged extra-judicial killings in the Philippines. 
"Our greatest concern is that there appears to be crimes against humanity being committed in the Philippines with no attempt to stop them no attempt to investigate and prosecute them," Alison Smith from the group No Peace Without Justice told ABS-CBN News.
At the sidelines of the 15th Session of the ICC Assembly of States, No Peace Without Justice conducted a side event called "International Criminal Liability for Spoken Word Alone: Inducing and Soliciting Crimes against Humanity under Article 25(3)(b) of the Rome ICC Statute. A prima facie case against President Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines".
The group said Duterte could be guilty of violating Article 25(3)(b) of the ICC's Rome Statute, which states that an individual is criminally responsible and liable for punishment for crimes within the Court’s jurisdiction if that person “orders, solicits or induces the commission of such a crime which in fact occurs or is attempted."
Since Duterte assumed the presidency, there have been at least 2,236 drug-related deaths. Of this number, 1,287 died in police operations while 788 were killed by unidentified assailants.
The group said the ICC should take action to curb "state-sponsored" violence in the Philippines. 
"There is no investigation currently taking place (at the ICC), the prosecutor has stated that she is watching the Philippines to see whether there are crimes that might be under the jurisdiction of the court, and for us this is a good thing because its part of her obligation to watch whats going on with the state parties and to say shes watching whats happening," said Smith.
ICC Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda earlier said she is “deeply concerned" about the alleged killings and officials seemingly condoning them.
Philippine Ambassador to the Netherlands Jaime Victor Ledda said he has not received any official queries from the ICC regarding the issue. "The important thing here is to convey the position of the Philippines with respect to the illegal drugs campaign and seek understanding of what were going through and trying to do to address the situation," he said.
Created in 1998 through the United Nations treaty called the Rome Statute, the ICC has jurisdiction over 124 territories, including the Philippines, which became a signatory 16 years ago.
Duterte recently threatened to follow Russia in its withdrawal from the international tribunal. Smith said any withdrawal from the Rome Statute would be regrettable.  "The state parties here would prefer that doesn't happen...that being said, if the decision is taken to withdraw then we would be looking forward to welcome the Philippines back when its ready to rejoin the Rome Statute system," she said.

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ASP 15 Day Four - Will Syria ever justice?
Coalition for the ICC, 19 Nov 2016


On the fourth day of the annual Assembly of States Parties, informal consultations on the omnibus resolution and the budget continued through the day, along with several side events on accountability for Syria, victim's reparations, and justice for children affected by grave crimes.
The side event on “Accountability options for Syria” was hosted by Canada, Liechtenstein and No Peace Without Justice. Speakers included Paul Wilke - Permanent representative of the Netherlands to the ICC, Rami Nakhla - PWJ Syria Project Coordinator, Ayman Ghojal - Syrian Human Rights Defender, Richard Dicker - Human Rights Watch (HRW).
This side event discussed accountability for the situation in Syria. Panelists discussed a range of topics, including the possibility of a UN Security Council referral, alternative justice mechanisms, evidence collection by various NGOs, the alleged use of chemical weapons by Syria and positive developments such as national proceedings against suspected perpetrators of grave crimes in various countries. Panelists commended the efforts made by governments like Germany, France and Sweden to bring perpetrators of war crimes in Syria to justice. 

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Il mondo si è accorto del genocidio degli yazidi
Adriano Sofri, Il Foglio, 29 Oct 2016


Dopo i riconoscimenti dell’Onu, il premio Sacharov assegnato a due giovani donne dalle storie esemplari per la tragedia del popolo yazida conferma l’impressione che finalmente l’ignoranza, l’indifferenza o la minimizzazione nei confronti di quel capitolo più orrendo della orrenda storia del jihadismo dell’Isis siano superate, e che il mondo, e anche una parte significativa del bel mondo, il che non nuoce, ne stia sposando, con più di due anni di ritardo, la causa.
Tre giorni fa è stato il Parlamento canadese a votare all’unanimità sulla natura della persecuzione degli yazidi come genocidio, e ad annunciare una disponibilità ad accoglierne dei rifugiati. Ma le persone che più concretamente fuori e dentro del Kurdistan iracheno che si impegnano a questa causa continuano a sottolineare una sproporzione forte fra i riconoscimenti simbolici e i fatti. I fatti vanno dalle risorse destinate al soccorso, a cominciare da quelle che possono ancora voler dire la liberazione di prigioniere abusate e torturate, alla rivendicazione del riconoscimento dei crimini di guerra commessi contro gli yazidi oltre che nelle sedi politiche nella sede pertinente della Corte Penale Internazionale. Questo giornale ha avuto un’attenzione frequente alla persecuzione degli yazidi come di altre minoranze, compresi i cristiani d’Iraq e di Siria delle varie confessioni.
Segnalo che a Roma, nell’ambito del congresso dei Radicali italiani, dunque in una sede aperta a tutti, domenica pomeriggio si discuterà delle persecuzioni delle minoranze in Iraq e Siria con l’intervento della signora Vian Dakhil, unica deputata yazida al parlamento iracheno, colei che per prima seppe gridare al mondo l’infamia che si stava abbattendo sulla sua gente, della signora Nareen Shammo, attivista e giornalista yazida, di Abdulahad Astepho, esponente assiro-caldeo siriano, di Rami Nakhla, capo del Syria Team di Non c’è pace senza giustizia, della giornalista Francesca Paci e di altre voci competenti.

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L'Alternativa. Nice e l'impegno di Amref per le donne dell'Africa
Radio Radicale, 25 Oct 2016


Incontro organizzato da African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF). Nice Nailantei Leng'ete è una giovane donna keniota, divenuta simbolo mondiale della lotta alle mutilazioni genitali femminili. 
Sono intervenuti: Alessandra Longo (giornalista), Ilaria Borletti Buitoni (sottosegretario di Stato al Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali), Nice Nailantei Leng'ete (ambasciatrice eoperatrice dell'Amref Health Africa), Alessandra Longo (giornalista de La Repubblica), Emma Bonino (fondatrice di Non c'è Pace Senza Giustizia), Paolo Briguglia (attore).

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Il Sudafrica annuncia l'intenzione di uscire dalla Corte Penale Internazionale
Radio Radicale, 22 Oct 2016


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Collegamento con Niccolò Figà Talamanca (segretario generale dell'Associazione Non c'è Pace senza Giustizia) realizzato da Lorenzo Rendi.

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Convegno "Why women matter - Promoting gender balance in public life and economic strategies"
Radio Radicale, 21 Oct 2016


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
L'evento è stato organizzato da Ministero degli Affari Esteri e della Cooperazione Internazionale. In collaborazione con WE - Women Empower the World (il cui Comitato Esecutivo è presieduto da Emma Bonino, fondatrice di Non c’è Pace Senza Giustizia, e Marta Dassù) , l'Organizzazione per la cooperazione e lo sviluppo economico (OCSE) e Aspen Institute.

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Christians and the impending crisis in Mosul
BarnabasAid, 20 Oct 2016


The situation in Iraq is now reaching crisis point as the Iraqi army, together with a loose coalition of forces, close in on Islamic State’s stronghold in the city of Mosul.
Barnabas Aid has in the last 24 hours spoken with one of the archbishops of Mosul. He stated that Christians who fled two years ago from the villages near Mosul, which have been liberated from Islamic State (IS) in the last few days, are unsure whether to return to their homes.   Their greatest concerns are the safety and security issues, but it is likely to be a month before the situation becomes clearer. The archbishop has specifically asked Barnabas Aid supporters to pray for these Christians to know God’s will.
As far as the situation in Mosul itself is concerned, he questions whether Christians will ever be allowed back in the city for reasons which we explain more fully in our editorial.
Those now fleeing the city of Mosul ahead of the impending battle are almost exclusively Sunni Muslims, as the Christians of Mosul were forced to leave in 2014 when IS took over. Although IS initially appeared willing to allow Christians in Mosul to have dhimmi status, shortly afterwards they gave them the choice of immediately converting to Islam, leaving or being executed. As a report by a coalition of well-respected human rights organisations stated: “After assuming control of Mosul, ISIS published a charter demanding that Christians pay a ‘jizya’ (a tax paid by non-Muslims) and imposing harsh punishments, such as public crucifixions. On 17 July, ISIS militants began to paint Christian homes with the Arabic letter ‘Nun’ (signifying Nasrani, a word used to refer to Christians) and with ‘property of the Islamic State’. On 18 July 2014, ISIS members announced in all of Mosul’s mosques that the Christian population had until noon of 19 July 2014 to leave the city or face execution.”
(Institute for International Law and Human Rights, Minority Rights Group International, No Peace without Justice and Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization Between the Millstones: The State of Iraq’s Minorities Since the Fall of Mosul (February 2015).

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La CPI s’apprête à compenser les victimes
CCTV.com française, 16 Oct 2016


La Cour pénale internationale a franchi une étape de plus après une semaine d'audiences vers le débloquage d'une aide pécuniaire pour les enfants forcés à combattre en République démocratique du Congo à partir de 2002. Le chef de guerre congolais Thomas Lubanga a déjà été jugé et mis en prison. Mais la cour continue de distribuer les réparations, même des années après le débat.
Dans les yeux de la Cour pénale internationale, il ne fait aucun doute que Thomas Lubanga est un criminel de guerre. Mais les juges n'ont pas encore décidé de la compensation à accorder aux victimes.
Alison Smith, activiste, No Peace Without Justice : "C'est la première fois qu'il y aura des réparations devant la CPI et ça sera un test sur la façon dont la question est gérée."
En 2012, Lubanga devenait la première personne à être condamnée pour crimes de guerre par la CPI. La cour l'a condamné à 14 ans de prison mais a également ordonné de compenser les victimes. Les procureurs disent que les enfants enlevés avant l'âge de 15 ans et forcés à combattre dans des guerres ethniques sanglantes en République démocratique du Congo qui ont commencé en 2002. Cette semaine, les organisations d'aide aux enfants-soldats se sont exprimées devant la CPI.
Brigid Inder, Directrice exécutive, Initiatives des femmes pour la justice du genre : "Beaucoup ont envisagé le suicide en raison du rejet dont ils ont fait l'objet par leurs familles et communautés. La marginalisation des anciens enfants-soldats est un obstacle sérieux à leur rétablissement." La CPI a déjà établi un fonds de 1,1 million de dollars pour aider les enfants-soldats de Lubanga. Mais lors de l'audience de la semaine, leurs avocats ont demandé à la cour de débloquer plus de fonds. Quel que soit le chiffre, Lubanga devra rembourser. Les observateurs de la CPI disent que la tâche est difficile.
Alison Smith, activiste, No Peace Without Justice : "Comment donner une valeur pécuniaire à la souffrance des gens. Cela dépend de ce qu'ils peuvent faire de leur vie et de la façon dont on peut les aider à reprendre une vie normale." Les audiences de réparations sont terminées et la CPI va donner sa décision. La cour dit que les anciens combatants ne recevront pas d'argent liquide. L'argent sera plutôt distribué à des organisations d'aide au rétablissement après des traumatismes de guerre.

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Bonino: "Quanta vitalità nelle donne africane e arabe. Sono le più inventive"
di Sara Ficocelli, Repubblica, 12 Oct 2016


Abbiamo incontrato l'ex Ministro degli Esteri e Commissario Europeo a Roma, durante l'incontro "Bambine, non spose" organizzato dall'Unicef in occasione della Giornata mondiale delle bambine e delle ragazze: "Non dobbiamo mollare sui diritti umani. Abbiamo già mollato abbastanza".
Come sarebbe il mondo se ogni donna avesse la possibilità di esprimere a pieno il proprio potenziale? Per rispondere a questa domanda bisognerebbe innazitutto risolvere il problema che accomuna 700 milioni di ragazze e bambine, costrette dalla famiglia a sposarsi ancora minorenni e quasi sempre trattate alla stregua di un oggetto, abusate, tenute ai margini, sia della società che della propria vita.
Per discutere del dramma delle spose bambine l'Unicef, in occasione della Giornata mondiale delle bambine e delle ragazze (11 ottobre), ha organizzato a Roma l'incontro "Bambine, non spose", invitando a parlare, con altri illustri relatori, la senatrice radicale Emma Bonino, già Ministro degli Esteri e Commissario Europeo.
Oggi si parla di matrimoni precoci. A che punto siamo della battaglia? "I diritti civili e umani vengono considerati purtroppo una politica di serie B, e difficoltà ulteriori si incontrano se parliamo di diritti umani al femminile. Ricordo quando incontrai la più giovane divorziata al mondo, Nojoon, 10 anni, dello Yemen. La bambina era riuscita a scappare dal marito e aveva trovato rifugio in un tribunale. Nessuno se la filava, finché un giorno un'avvocatessa la notò mentre piangeva, l'avvicinò e si offrì di difenderla. Vinse la causa. Ogni singolo episodio come questo significa moltissimo per le bambine e le donne di tutto il mondo".
Che cosa ha fatto negli ultimi anni in questo campo l'Italia? "Il nostro Paese negli ultimi venti anni è stato protagonista di una battaglia di cui noi Radicali, in particolare con Non c'è pace senza giustizia, siamo stati parte: di mutilazioni genitali femminili nel 1990 in molti Paesi non si poteva neanche parlare, oggi la discussione è aperta. E' stato avviato un processo di cambiamento fondamentale".

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Panel Discussion in Geneva On Role of Civil Society in Promoting Justice & Accountability
Syrian Coalition, 22 Sep 2016

On the occasion of the 33rd Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva, No Peace Without Justice and the Euro-Syrian Democratic Forum on Wednesday convened a side event titled: "Syria: The United Nations Universal Periodic Review (UPR) process and civil society’s role in promoting justice and accountability."
The meeting was co-sponsored by the Syrian Coalition as well as by the Governments of Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Netherlands, Qatar, UK, USA and the EU Delegation.
Panelists of the meeting, co-chaired by Niccolò Figà-Talamanca, Secretary General of No Peace Without Justice and Hussein Sabbagh, Secretary General of Euro-Syrian Democratic Forum, included Riyad Al-Najem from Hurras, a Syrian child protection network, Husam Alkatlaby from The Violations Documentation Center in Syria, Ola Aljoundi from Women Now for Development, and Diab Serrih from The Day After. Welcoming remarks were made by the UN permanent representative of Liechtenstein, UK, US, and Italy. Key speakers in the panel discussion were the UN permanent representatives of Qatar, Turkey and Belgium.
The event focused on the situation of children, young people and women, efforts to document the widespread violations committed in the last five years in Syria and ways to achieve justice and accountability for the victims of these crimes. The event aimed to raise awareness about the role the United Nations Universal Periodic Review (UPR) process can play in highlighting the importance of including the Syrian civil society community in the pursuit of a political solution in Syria.
Representatives of Syrian civil society organizations submitted a set of recommendations to the UPR the UN Human Rights Council will hold in October. The event also discussed widespread violence against women, the impact of the ongoing war on children and young people, methodologies employed in documenting systematic violations against civilians, the importance of accountability and justice in making peace, and civilian protection. A representative of the Syrian Network for Human Rights also talked in the panel discussion. 

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Qatar Mission in Geneva Discusses Civil Society’s Role in Syria
QNA / FANANEWS, 21 Sep 2016


Geneva, September 21 (QNA) – The Permanent Mission of the State of Qatar to the United Nations Office at Geneva, in collaboration with the permanent missions of France, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom, United States, Liechtenstein and the Organization No Peace Without Justice organized today a side event on Syria: the UPR process and civil society’s role in promoting justice and accountability”, on the occasion of the 33th Session of the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva.
The event focused on the situation of children, young people and women, the efforts to document the widespread violations committed in the last five years and on how achieve justice and accountability for the victims of these crimes, this side event aims at raising awareness about the role the United Nations Universal Periodic Review (UPR) process can play in reinforcing the importance of including the Syrian civil society community in the pursuit of a political solution to the war in Syria.
The meeting serves as a reminder that the urgent priority of reaching a lasting political solution requires an inclusive and participatory process capable to ensure that the root causes of the conflict be addressed. It aims to articulate the request from Syrian civil society for freedom, democracy and accountability for violations and abuses of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, irrespective of their ethnic, religious and political affiliation, which must be met to foster national reconciliation and a political solution.
Addressing the meeting, HE Ambassador Faisal bin Abdullah Al Henzab, Permanent Representative of Qatar to the United Nations Office at Geneva, said that in light of the serious deterioration of the situation of human rights and humanitarian situation in Syria, which resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths and prisoners and millions of displaced persons and refugees, mostly women and children, and the complete collapse of the infrastructure and services, the international community must remember that all of this is the great price paid by the Syrians for demanding freedom and democracy and the elimination of injustice, tyranny and dictatorship.
HE Ambassador stressed that the solution to the Syrian crisis must be through empowering the Syrian people for the leadership of the political transition based on the Geneva Principles (1) and the relevant international resolutions, in order to build a new future for its country in a way that Bashar al-Assad does not have a role in it, while keeping with the state institutions.
He also stressed that the prevalence of impunity from accountability in Syria cannot continue neither morally nor legally, and that any failure or lack of seriousness in this aspect, will repeat violations without any deterrent in other places of the world, causing loss of justice and the rights of the oppressed.

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#JusticeGlobale Hebdo – Autour du Monde
#JusticeGlobale, 22 Jul 2016


Le membre du Comité exécutif de la Coalition, No Peace Without Justice, a publié un nouveau rapport intitulé No Way Home: Iraq’s Minorities on the Verge of Disappearance, (« Pas de moyen de retour : Les minorités de l’Irak au bord de l’extinction »), documentant les crimes qui auraient été commis par Daesh et d’autres forces contre les minorités ethniques et religieuses du nord de l’Irak depuis la chute de Mossoul en juin 2014 jusqu’à février 2016, y compris le meurtre, la mutilation, l’enlèvement et le mariage forcé et l’esclavage sexuel d’innombrables femmes et filles. Voir la présentation du rapport au Parlement européen.

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After 13 years of war, Iraq’s minorities on verge of disappearing, rights groups warn
Daily Star / Reuters, 05 Jul 2016


Many of Iraq's minorities are on the verge of disappearance after 13 years of war, campaigners warned on Monday. "The impact on minorities has been catastrophic. Saddam was terrible; the situation since is worse. Tens of thousands of minorities have been killed and millions have fled for their lives," said Mark Lattimer, head of Minority Rights Group (MRG). Iraq's Christian population, which before 2003 numbered as many as 1.4 million, is now under 250,000, according to a report by MRG and other rights organisations.
Civil conflicts and sectarian tensions have engulfed the country since 2003 when a U.S.-led coalition toppled Saddam Hussein. In 2014 Islamic State militants declared a caliphate after capturing swathes of Iraq and Syria. Minorities including the Yazidi, Turkmen, Shabak, Christians and Kaka'i have been disproportionately affected by the recent violence, the report said. Tens of thousands have been murdered, maimed or abducted and many women and girls forced into marriage or sexual enslavement.
The report demands an end to impunity for crimes against minorities. It says planning should begin immediately for a post-Islamic State era to enable them to return to their homelands. It also calls for the protection of mass graves in areas captured from Islamic State and the deployment of forensic teams to investigate possible war crimes. The report, "No Way Home: Iraq's Minorities on the Verge of Disappearance", says Iraqi security forces and Kurdish peshmerga forces have also committed war crimes.
An estimated 3.4 million people are now uprooted inside Iraq. And as many as one in five displaced Iraqis interviewed by researchers felt they had no choice but to flee the country because of the lack of basic services and security. The authors warned that displacement could soar with an assault to retake Mosul from Islamic State - potentially uprooting another 1 million people and creating hundreds of thousands more refugees. The report on minorities is published by MRG, Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization, the Institute for International Law and Human Rights and No Peace Without Justice.

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Iraq’s Religious, Ethnic Minorities on Verge of Disappearing: Report
By Lucy Westcott, Newsweek, 05 Jul 2016


After more than a decade of war in Iraq, the country's religious and ethnic minority groups are on the verge of disappearing, according to a new report. The report documents how several thousand people belonging to minority communities in Iraq have been abducted, maimed or murdered since June 2014, when the Islamic State (ISIS) militant group took control of Mosul, Iraq.
Among them are unknown numbers of women and girls who have been raped or forced into marriage or sexual enslavement by ISIS fighters. Efforts to retake Mosul later this year could result in a total of a million people being displaced, warns the report published on Monday by Minority Rights Group International, the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization, Institute for International Law and Human Rights, and No Peace Without Justice.

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REVEALED: The city where ISIS now occupies all churches as Christians face wipe out
By Tom Batchelor, Express, 04 Jul 2016


Christians and other religious minorities face the prospect of annihilation in Iraq after more than a decade of sectarian bloodshed and the rise of Islamic State, leading charities have warned.
Crazed jihadis have looted, destroyed, or occupied all 45 churches in the city of Mosul, while targeting scores more across the country. Large numbers of Iraq's other ethnic and religious minorities have also been murdered, maimed or abducted, while unknown numbers of women and girls have been forced into marriage or sexual enslavement since the fall of Mosul to ISIS in June 2014. The shocking reality for Christians living in Iraq was revealed in a report, No Way Home: Iraq's Minorities on the Verge of Disappearance. It said there was a "large exodus of Christians" from Iraq immediately after the US invasion as community members were targeted for their religious differences as well as their perceived ties to the West. Two successive wars in Iraq - the first by the British and Americans in 2003, and the second with ISIS a decade later - has seen the Christian population in Iraq tumble from 1.4million before 2003 to under 250,000 today.
The report describes the "sweeping scale of the destruction of houses, shrines and other institutions belonging to Christians", including dozens of houses that were blown up in Mosul by ISIS fanatics. The charities add: "Since the fall of Mosul, ISIS has destroyed, occupied, converted to mosques, reused as ISIS headquarters or shuttered all Christian institutions in Mosul. All 45 churches and monasteries inside Mosul are reportedly now occupied by ISIS, who have looted, burned and destroyed property, in addition to removing the building's crosses."
Those Christians who have chosen to stay have been subjected to punitive taxes by ISIS. Christian women have also been targeted in heinous crimes including sexual assaults and the rape of girls as young as 12. The charities which co-wrote the report include the Minority Rights Group International, the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organisation and Institute for International Law and Human Rights. They say ISIS fighters prefer younger women and girls as they are symbols of virginity and purity.
One Christian mother from Mosul who was interviewed for the study described being forced to 'marry' several ISIS militants who would rape and then 'divorce' her. She said: "We tried to fight them off, but in vain. They had their fun, and then they did it again. I was raped four times, the other girl three. On their way out, the men divorced us. Ten minutes later two more men, this time Iraqi, entered the room. We were married and raped again. That night I was married to eight different men and divorced eight times. Each man raped me three or four times."
Mark Lattimer, Minority Rights Group International's executive director, said: "Thirteen years of war have had devastating long-term consequences for Iraqi society. The impact on minorities has been catastrophic. Saddam was terrible; the situation since is worse. Tens of thousands of religious and ethnic minorities have been killed and millions have fled for their lives." Other minority religious and ethnic groups have also faced persecution. Most of those belonging to the Yazidi and Kaka'i communities have been forced from their homes and are now living as refugees either inside Iraq or abroad. Alison Smith, of No Peace Without Justice, added: "It's unthinkable that crimes of this magnitude and impact are being committed with total impunity. The Government of Iraq really needs to take urgent steps to provide redress to the victims - referring the situation to the International Criminal Court would be a good start."

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Iraq's Minorities 'On Verge of Disappearance,' Rights Group Warns
Emma Batha, Haaretz / Reuters, 04 Jul 2016


Minorities including the Yazidi, Turkmen, Shabak, Christians and Kaka'i have been disproportionately affected by the recent violence.
Many of Iraq's minorities are on the verge of disappearance after 13 years of war, campaigners warned on Monday. "The impact on minorities has been catastrophic. Saddam was terrible; the situation since is worse. Tens of thousands of minorities have been killed and millions have fled for their lives," said Mark Lattimer, head of Minority Rights Group (MRG). Iraq's Christian population, which before 2003 numbered as many as 1.4 million, is now under 250,000, according to a report by MRG and other rights organisations.
Civil conflicts and sectarian tensions have engulfed the country since 2003 when a U.S.-led coalition toppled Saddam Hussein. In 2014 Islamic State militants declared a caliphate after capturing swathes of Iraq and Syria. Minorities including the Yazidi, Turkmen, Shabak, Christians and Kaka'i have been disproportionately affected by the recent violence, the report said. Tens of thousands have been murdered, maimed or abducted and many women and girls forced into marriage or sexual enslavement.
The report demands an end to impunity for crimes against minorities. It says planning should begin immediately for a post-Islamic State era to enable them to return to their homelands. It also calls for the protection of mass graves in areas captured from Islamic State and the deployment of forensic teams to investigate possible war crimes. The report, "No Way Home: Iraq's Minorities on the Verge of Disappearance", says Iraqi security forces and Kurdish peshmerga forces have also committed war crimes.
An estimated 3.4 million people are now uprooted inside Iraq. And as many as one in five displaced Iraqis interviewed by researchers felt they had no choice but to flee the country because of the lack of basic services and security. The authors warned that displacement could soar with an assault to retake Mosul from Islamic State - potentially uprooting another 1 million people and creating hundreds of thousands more refugees.
The report on minorities is published by MRG, Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization, the Institute for International Law and Human Rights and No Peace Without Justice

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Iraq's minorities 'on verge of disappearance' - rights groups
By Emma Batha, Reuters, 04 Jul 2016


Many of Iraq's minorities are on the verge of disappearance after 13 years of war, campaigners warned on Monday.
"The impact on minorities has been catastrophic. Saddam was terrible; the situation since is worse. Tens of thousands of minorities have been killed and millions have fled for their lives," said Mark Lattimer, head of Minority Rights Group (MRG).
Iraq's Christian population, which before 2003 numbered as many as 1.4 million, is now under 250,000, according to a report by MRG and other rights organisations.
Civil conflicts and sectarian tensions have engulfed the country since 2003 when a U.S.-led coalition toppled Saddam Hussein. In 2014 Islamic State militants declared a caliphate after capturing swathes of Iraq and Syria. Minorities including the Yazidi, Turkmen, Shabak, Christians and Kaka'i have been disproportionately affected by the recent violence, the report said.
Tens of thousands have been murdered, maimed or abducted and many women and girls forced into marriage or sexual enslavement.
"One cannot say anything positive about Saddam - he was a genocidal dictator, but for many minorities the situation is now much worse," said co-author Lattimer. The Yazidis hit the headlines in mid-2014 when Islamic State militants attacked them in northwest Iraq, killing, capturing and enslaving thousands. The jihadist group has shown particular cruelty to the Yazidis, whom they regard as devil-worshippers. Most Yazidis, along with another minority called the Kaka'i, have been forced from their traditional lands. Also highlighted, is the plight of the Shi'ite Turkmen and Shabak communities who have been driven south.
MASS GRAVES
The report demands an end to impunity for crimes against minorities. It says planning should begin immediately for a post-Islamic State era to enable them to return to their homelands. It also calls for the protection of mass graves in areas captured from Islamic State and the deployment of forensic teams to investigate possible war crimes. The report, "No Way Home: Iraq's Minorities on the Verge of Disappearance", says Iraqi security forces and Kurdish peshmerga forces have also committed war crimes.
An estimated 3.4 million people are now uprooted inside Iraq. And as many as one in five displaced Iraqis interviewed by researchers felt they had no choice but to flee the country because of the lack of basic services and security.
The authors warned that displacement could soar with an assault to retake Mosul from Islamic State - potentially uprooting another 1 million people and creating hundreds of thousands more refugees.
Lattimer said the upcoming Chilcot report on Britain's role in the Iraq war should reflect the devastating long-term consequences for Iraqi society. The long-delayed report is to be released on Wednesday. "Chilcot is expected to criticise 'post-invasion planning' but the U.K. government's biggest - and continuing - mistake has been to support successive Iraqi governments since 2003 in a sectarian war that has cost tens of thousands of civilian lives on both sides," Lattimer said.
The report on minorities is published by MRG, Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization, the Institute for International Law and Human Rights and No Peace Without Justice.

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West Africa: Ecowas Member Communities and Experts On Female Genital Mutilation Lay Strategies for the Way Forward
The Pont (Banjul) / AllAfrica, 15 Jun 2016

Government representatives and experts recently concluded a high level consultation to share experiences on strategies used in the campaign to end Female Genital Mutilation in the Senegalese capital Dakar.
The meeting organized by No Peace Without Justice in partnership with the Senegalese Ministry of Women, Family and Children's Affairs, Inter Africa Committee on Traditional Practices, and other partners supported by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation / Italian Agency for Development Cooperation.
The consultation provided opportunities for the high level meeting to review the implementation of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 69/150 on "intensifying global efforts and sharing good practices to effectively eliminate female genital mutilation" and the fight to eliminate FGM in the ECOWAS countries and Mauritania. The meeting focussed on the particular approaches undertaken in the effective implementation of the existing laws banning FGM at the national level and cooperation to combat trans-border practice of FGM in West Africa.
The high level meeting brought together delegates of the Ministries of Women, Health and Justice of ECOWAS countries and Mauritania, as well as Civil Society participants amongst them the Executive Director of GAMCOTRAP, Dr. Isatou Touray. Speaking as an expert on FGM from The Gambia, Dr. Touray noted that the meeting aimed to revitalize engagement and dialogue between institutions and civil society, as well as contribute to strengthening the political and legislative legal framework to combat FGM as a form of violence against women. The meeting ended with a communiqué to support the total elimination of FGM.
On a separate mission, the Executive Director of GAMCOTRAP is attended an International Conference on Human Rights Approach to Ending Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in One Generation in Geneva, Switzerland. The two days conference is organized by the Inter-African Committee on Traditional Practices Affecting the Health of Women and Children (IAC), with the objective of showcasing best practices, achievements and progress while highlighting challenges and barriers with concrete action points for moving forward the agenda to end Female Genital Mutilation in One Generation.

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NPWJ Firmly Condemns Sentence Issued against Sheikh Ali Salman
Bahrain Mirror, 01 Jun 2016


No Peace Without Justice (NPWJ) condemned "the astonishing increase in the sentence of the leader of the main Bahraini opposition party, Sheikh Ali Salman to nine years," expressing its undiminished solidarity and support for Salman, who "has consistently called for peaceful protest, condemned all forms of violence - including during the speech that formed the basis of his trial - and advocated for a fair and just democratic political system in Bahrain through the establishment of a genuine constitutional monarchy."
The organization added in its statement on Monday (May 30, 2016): "Today's shocking ruling, grounded on purely politically-motivated charges, clearly demonstrates Bahraini authorities' unabated determination to criminalise free speech and suppress any peaceful dissent."
Niccolò Figà-Talamanca, Secretary-General of No Peace Without Justice, said that "it also further confirms the fallacy of the Bahraini regime's claims to advance democratic reform, rule of law and respect of human rights in the country."
"This is also a highly dangerous move that can only set the country further along the dangerous path of political turmoil and disunity. In the face of what is rapidly becoming the realisation of the worst possible scenario for Bahrain, the response of the international community cannot continue to be weak and deaf to the plight of Bahraini citizens. So far, the Bahraini authorities have used this approach as a green light to persevere in their repressive and retaliatory practices against peaceful opposition leaders and human rights advocates," he further stated.
NPWJ urged the international community and the European Union (EU) to take immediate action and unequivocally condemn this latest blow to freedom of expression in Bahrain.
Failure to do so is, in reality, siding with tyranny and repression.
The organization further noted that "a truly democratic transition in Bahrain will be achieved only if all those who are committed to peaceful and nonviolent dialogue are able to contribute fully to the political process without fear of reprisals."
At the end of its statement, No Peace Without Justice demanded the international community "to support this process rather than turning a blind eye to another move clearly designed to thwart democracy and human rights" (Arabic Version).

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Bangladesh court rejects Islamist leader's final death sentence appeal
By Aljazeera/ Reuters, 05 May 2016

 Bangladesh’s supreme court has rejected a final appeal by the leader of the top Islamist party against a death sentence for atrocities committed during the 1971 war of independence, lawyers say, meaning he could be hanged at any time. The supreme court in January upheld the death penalty for Motiur Rahman Nizami, head of the Jamaat-e-Islami party, for genocide, rape and orchestrating the massacre of top intellectuals during the 1971 war. Nizami, 73, a former legislator and minister under Khaleda Zia when she was prime minister, has been in jail since 2010, when he was charged with war crimes by a tribunal set up by the current prime minister, Sheikh Hasina, that year. The war crimes tribunal has sparked violence and drawn criticism from opposition politicians, including leaders of Jamaat-e-Islami, that it is victimising Hasina’s political opponents. “All the legal battles are over,” Nizami’s lawyer, Khandaker Mahbub Hossain, told reporters on Thursday. “Now it is up to him whether he will seek clemency from the president or not.” Hundreds of people flooded the streets of the capital, Dhaka, to cheer the verdict, but there has been no report of violence, although Jamaat called a nationwide strike for Sunday in protest. Authorities have deployed additional security forces in Dhaka and elsewhere as similar previous judgments triggered violence that killed around 200, mainly Jamaat activists and police. No Peace Without Justice, a non-profit body based in Italy, has called the tribunal’s proceedings “a weapon of politically influenced revenge whose real aim is to target the political opposition”. The government denies the accusations. The verdict comes as the Muslim-majority nation suffers a surge in militant violence in which atheist bloggers, academics, religious minorities and foreign aid workers have been killed. In the last month alone, five people, including a university teacher, two gay activists and a Hindu have been hacked to death by suspected Islamist militants.

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Bangladesh's Motiur Rahman Nizami to hang
Al Jazeera / Reuters, 05 May 2016


A final appeal by the leader of Bangladesh's largest Islamist party against a death penalty for involvement in a 1971 liberation war has been rejected, his lawyers said, clearing the way for his hanging.
The Supreme Court on Thursday passed the order against Motiur Rahman Nizami, head of the banned Jamaat-e-Islami party, which opposed the war for independence from Pakistan. The 73-year-old, who was also given life sentences for four other war crimes convictions, has exhausted all legal options and only a presidential pardon can now save him. Jamaat called a nationwide strike for Sunday in a response published on its website.
The Supreme Court in January upheld the death penalty for Nizami on convictions of genocide, rape and orchestrating the massacre of top intellectuals during the war. The Jamaat leader, in jail since 2010, was originally handed the death sentence by a war crimes tribunal in 2014. Bangladeshi authorities say about three million people were killed and more than 200,000 women raped during the conflict. The former East Pakistan broke away to become Bangladesh after the war. The tribunal has sparked violence and drawn fierce criticism from opposition politicians, including Jamaat-e-Islami, who say it is victimising Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina's opponents.
No Peace Without Justice, a rights group based in Italy, has called the tribunal "a weapon of politically influenced revenge whose real aim is to target the political opposition". The government denies that. A senior Jamaat-e-Islami leader living outside Bangladesh told Al Jazeera in a reaction that the news of the verdict was "devastating". "This is the not the first death sentence confirmed by the judicial system and quite a distinguished line of others are waiting after him," said the party official, who wished to remain anonymous. "Not only that; at least 20,000 Jamaat workers are in prison without any charges. "Police have raided and arrested many people attending religious or Quran classes. Even the international community rejects the allegations and also the court process."
International legal experts expressed concern over the lack of an appropriate accountability mechanism in Bangladesh and called on the United Nations to support an internationally supervised mechanism. A joint statement, signed by six legal experts, said: "It is with deep regret that the current practice of the Bangladesh International Crimes Tribunal (BICT) is failing to uphold the highest international standards required in such cases, in particular where there is the imposition of the death penalty." The experts, affiliated with a wide range of institutions, from the International Criminal Court to the US State Department, said that the central issue is that "any judicial mechanism, post conflict or otherwise, is about the pursuit of justice and accountability. It is not about revenge or political retribution." "Sadly, the BICT has shown itself to be merely that, a politicised process that fails to uphold the very standards it was set up to address," the statement read.  The nation has seen a surge of violence in which atheist bloggers, academics, religious minorities and foreign aid workers have been killed. In the last month alone, five people, including a university teacher, two gay activists and a Hindu, have been hacked to death by suspected armed groups. The government has blamed that violence on Jamaat and other opposition groups. Jamaat denies any involvement.  Four opposition politicians, including three Jamaat leaders, have been executed since late 2013 after tribunal convictions.

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Bangladesh court rejects Islamist leader's final death sentence appeal
The Guardian / Reuters, 05 May 2016


Bangladesh’s supreme court has rejected a final appeal by the leader of the top Islamist party against a death sentence for atrocities committed during the 1971 war of independence, lawyers say, meaning he could be hanged at any time. The supreme court in January upheld the death penalty for Motiur Rahman Nizami, head of the Jamaat-e-Islami party, for genocide, rape and orchestrating the massacre of top intellectuals during the 1971 war. Nizami, 73, a former legislator and minister under Khaleda Zia when she was prime minister, has been in jail since 2010, when he was charged with war crimes by a tribunal set up by the current prime minister, Sheikh Hasina, that year.
The war crimes tribunal has sparked violence and drawn criticism from opposition politicians, including leaders of Jamaat-e-Islami, that it is victimising Hasina’s political opponents. “All the legal battles are over,” Nizami’s lawyer, Khandaker Mahbub Hossain, told reporters on Thursday. “Now it is up to him whether he will seek clemency from the president or not.” Hundreds of people flooded the streets of the capital, Dhaka, to cheer the verdict, but there has been no report of violence, although Jamaat called a nationwide strike for Sunday in protest. Authorities have deployed additional security forces in Dhaka and elsewhere as similar previous judgments triggered violence that killed around 200, mainly Jamaat activists and police.
No Peace Without Justice, a non-profit body based in Italy, has called the tribunal’s proceedings “a weapon of politically influenced revenge whose real aim is to target the political opposition”. The government denies the accusations. The verdict comes as the Muslim-majority nation suffers a surge in militant violence in which atheist bloggers, academics, religious minorities and foreign aid workers have been killed. In the last month alone, five people, including a university teacher, two gay activists and a Hindu have been hacked to death by suspected Islamist militants. The government has blamed the increase in Islamist violence on Jamaat-e-Islami, but the group denies any link to the attacks. Four opposition politicians, including three Jamaat-e-Islami leaders, have been convicted by the war crimes tribunal and executed since late 2013. About 3 million people were killed, official figures show, and thousands of women were raped, during the nine-month war, in which some factions, including the Jamaat-e-Islami, opposed the break from what was then called West Pakistan. But the party denies that its leaders committed any atrocities.

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Bangladesh's Motiur Rahman Nizami to hang
By Aljazeera/ Reuters, 05 May 2016

 A final appeal by the leader of Bangladesh's largest Islamist party against a death penalty for involvement in a 1971 liberation war has been rejected, his lawyers said, clearing the way for his hanging. The Supreme Court on Thursday passed the order against Motiur Rahman Nizami, head of the banned Jamaat-e-Islami party, which opposed the war for independence from Pakistan. The 73-year-old, who was also given life sentences for four other war crimes convictions, has exhausted all legal options and only a presidential pardon can now save him. Jamaat called a nationwide strike for Sunday in a response published on its website.
The Supreme Court in January upheld the death penalty for Nizami on convictions of genocide, rape and orchestrating the massacre of top intellectuals during the war. The Jamaat leader, in jail since 2010, was originally handed the death sentence by a war crimes tribunal in 2014. Bangladeshi authorities say about three million people were killed and more than 200,000 women raped during the conflict. The former East Pakistan broke away to become Bangladesh after the war. The tribunal has sparked violence and drawn fierce criticism from opposition politicians, including Jamaat-e-Islami, who say it is victimising Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina's opponents. No Peace Without Justice, a rights group based in Italy, has called the tribunal "a weapon of politically influenced revenge whose real aim is to target the political opposition". The government denies that. A senior Jamaat-e-Islami leader living outside Bangladesh told Al Jazeera in a reaction that the news of the verdict was "devastating". "This is the not the first death sentence confirmed by the judicial system and quite a distinguished line of others are waiting after him," said the party official, who wished to remain anonymous. "Not only that; at least 20,000 Jamaat workers are in prison without any charges. "Police have raided and arrested many people attending religious or Quran classes. Even the international community rejects the allegations and also the court process."

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Forum sous-régional ministériel au Sénégal pour mettre fin aux MGF
CCTV, Afrique Infos, 29 Apr 2016

Les Nations unies et les organisations des droits de l'homme appellent à un arrêt complet de la pratique néfaste de la mutilation génitale féminine. Un forum sous-régional ministériel vient de se conclure à Dakar, au Sénégal. Ce forum vise à favoriser l'application de la résolution de l'Assemblée générale des Nations unies pour une interdiction mondiale de la MGF.
Des représentants du gouvernement de la région du Sahel se sont rassemblés aux deux jours de conférence dans la capitale sénégalaise.
ALVILDA JABLONKO, Directrice de No peace without justice: "Selon les derniers rapports des Nations unies, la mutilation génitale féminine et l'excision ne montrent aucun signe de ralentissement dans certains pays. Peu de poursuites ont lieu dans les pays afin de sanctionner et de réprimer la poursuite de cette pratique, même si la plupart des gouvernements ont adopté des lois et des mécanismes de protection assez puissants."
MARIAM LAMIZANA, Présidente du comité de l'interafrique : "Il y a trois parties dans notre stratégie principale. La prévention, la protection et le soin. Le soin est administré aux personnes souffant physiquement. Par conséquent, lors de notre campagne de sensibilisation, nous déclarons qu'il existe des possibilités de soigner les personnes qui vivent avec les effets secondaires de l'excision. Dans le cadre du soin, au Burkina Faso, grâce au comité interafricain et à l'UEMOA, nous avons formé un certain nombre de médecins dans les techniques de réparation des effets secondaires de l'excision. Dans ce domaine, les soins sont gratuits." Des ministres, des hauts-représentants du gouvernement, des parlementaires et des militants des droits civils du Sénégal et de 14 autres pays de la région dont le Libéria, où ces pratiques sont toujours légales, ont participé à ce forum.
SIANE ABDUL-BAKI, Ministre adjointe, Ministère social du genre et des enfants : "Au Libéria, parce que la pratique de la MGF est profondément ancréée dans notre culture et tradition, l'une des plus importantes stratégies est de travailler avec les personnes traditionnelles, de changer la perception, l'attitude et de sensibiliser les gens autour de la MGF." Certaines agences des Nations unies ont prévenu que le taux global de progrès pour mettre fin à la mutilation génitale féminine ne suffit pas par rapport à la croissance démographique. Selon les représentants, le nombre de jeunes filles et de femmes sujettes à cette pratique augmentera de manière significative d'ici les 15 prochaines années si la tendance actuelle continue. 

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Forum ministériel sous-régional au Sénégal pour mettre fin aux MGF
CCTV / Afrique Infos, 29 Apr 2016


Les Nations unies et les organisations des droits de l'homme appellent à un arrêt complet de la pratique néfaste de la mutilation génitale féminine. Un forum sous-régional ministériel vient de se conclure à Dakar, au Sénégal. Ce forum vise à favoriser l'application de la résolution de l'Assemblée générale des Nations unies pour une interdiction mondiale de la MGF.
Des représentants du gouvernement de la région du Sahel se sont rassemblés aux deux jours de conférence dans la capitale sénégalaise.
ALVILDA JABLONKO, Directrice de No peace without justice: "Selon les derniers rapports des Nations unies, la mutilation génitale féminine et l'excision ne montrent aucun signe de ralentissement dans certains pays. Peu de poursuites ont lieu dans les pays afin de sanctionner et de réprimer la poursuite de cette pratique, même si la plupart des gouvernements ont adopté des lois et des mécanismes de protection assez puissants."
MARIAM LAMIZANA, Présidente du CI-AF : "Il y a trois parties dans notre stratégie principale. La prévention, la protection et le soin. Le soin est administré aux personnes souffant physiquement. Par conséquent, lors de notre campagne de sensibilisation, nous déclarons qu'il existe des possibilités de soigner les personnes qui vivent avec les effets secondaires de l'excision. Dans le cadre du soin, au Burkina Faso, grâce au comité interafricain et à l'UEMOA, nous avons formé un certain nombre de médecins dans les techniques de réparation des effets secondaires de l'excision. Dans ce domaine, les soins sont gratuits."
 Des ministres, des hauts-représentants du gouvernement, des parlementaires et des militants des droits civils du Sénégal et de 14 autres pays de la région dont le Libéria, où ces pratiques sont toujours légales, ont participé à ce forum.
SIANE ABDUL-BAKI, Ministre adjointe, Ministère social du genre et des enfants : "Au Libéria, parce que la pratique de la MGF est profondément ancréée dans notre culture et tradition, l'une des plus importantes stratégies est de travailler avec les personnes traditionnelles, de changer la perception, l'attitude et de sensibiliser les gens autour de la MGF."
Certaines agences des Nations unies ont prévenu que le taux global de progrès pour mettre fin à la mutilation génitale féminine ne suffit pas par rapport à la croissance démographique. Selon les représentants, le nombre de jeunes filles et de femmes sujettes à cette pratique augmentera de manière significative d'ici les 15 prochaines années si la tendance actuelle continue.

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Sénégal : Plaidoyer pour la criminalisation des mutilations génitales féminines
APA / Star Africa, 27 Apr 2016


 
Les participants à la Consultation ministérielle sous–régionale sur la mise en œuvre de la résolution 69/150 de l’Organisation des Nations Unies interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines, ont, au terme de leurs travaux, recommandé de ‘’reconnaitre et promouvoir le rôle essentiel de la législation et d’autres cadres normatifs mettant en œuvre l’interdiction des MGF à travers la prohibition et la criminalisation de cette violation des droits humains ».
La Déclaration finale de la Consultation remise dont copie a été distribuée à la presse, tient à assurer que l’interdiction des MGF se reflète dans tous les domaines et a tous les niveaux, y compris dans les codes de conduite professionnels, les normes d’éducation, la formation continue et l’évaluation professionnelle.
Le texte note que ceci devrait permettre de maximiser le potentiel de l’interdiction des MG, d’assurer une réponse coordonnée et globale répondant aux besoins des victimes.
Ils ont aussi, préconisé d’assurer des allocations budgétaires suffisantes au niveau local, national, sous régional, régional, et international destinées aux victimes de cette violation des droits humains en répondant également à leurs besoins médicaux et psychosociaux, ainsi que juridiques.
Les participants ont, en outre, appelé à la mise en place d’un mécanisme de coordination et de partage d’informations entre gouvernements, parlements et société civile dans la sous- région, afin d’harmoniser la législation, les cadres normatifs, et les politiques nationales, pour prévenir, répondre et permettre l’évaluation des activités transfrontalières concernant les MGF.
Cette rencontre est organisée par le ministère sénégalais de la Femme, de la Famille et de l’Enfance et No Peace Without Justice, en partenariat avec le Comité inter-africain sur les pratiques traditionnelles ayant pour effet sur la santé des femmes et des enfants (Ciaf). 
La Résolution 69/150 de l’ONU interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines dans le monde adoptée grâce aux efforts et à la volonté des Etats africains, est devenue un point de référence crucial de la lutte contre globale contre cette violation des droits humains et pour assurer la protection des victimes et la poursuite des responsables.
La consultation régionale a réuni durant deux jours, entre autres participants, des ministres et représentants gouvernementaux, des parlementaires et des activistes du Sénégal et de 14 pays ainsi que des représentants des agences des Nations Unies et d’autres organisations internationales et des représentations diplomatiques.

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Faible sanction sur l’excision au Sénégal. Seuls huit jugements en 17 ans
Mouhamadou BA, Rewmi, 27 Apr 2016


Malgré l’existence d’une loi interdisant l’excision, depuis 1999, au Sénégal, seuls huit cas ont été jugés en 17 ans.
Comme toutes les traditions, l’excision qui consiste en l’amputation d’une partie du sexe de la femme à la vie dure. L’État du Sénégal, tout en continuant d’user de stratégies de persuasion, d’éducation et de sensibilisation, s’est d’abord résolument engagé à user de l’arme juridique pour mettre un terme à cette pratique. Mais la loi sur l’excision souffre d’une application faible par rapport à l’ampleur de la pratique et aux résistances enregistrées, selon un rapport présenté, hier, par le ministère de la Famille. Après 17 ans de lutte, seuls 08 cas ont été portés au tribunal, lit-on dans le même rapport présenté  en marge d’une consultation ministérielle sous-régionale sur la mise en œuvre de la Résolution 69/150 de l’Organisation des Nations-Unies interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines. Selon la même source, la  loi est appliquée avec souplesse, car les peines prononcées sont faibles. Selon toujours le rapport, il y a l’intervention des lobbies religieux pour obtenir la clémence du tribunal. Même des responsables d’ONG impliqués dans la lutte contre les mutilations génitales féminines (MGF) sont intervenus « pour solliciter plus de compréhension de la part du tribunal et sa clémence ».
Aussi, les réponses particulières des communautés villageoises renvoient-elles, aux spécificités sociologiques de ces milieux faits de solidarité et de capacité de dissimulation. D’où l’absence de dénonciation. Jeunes et femmes se sont contentés de dire, après un temps perceptible d’hésitation et d’intense réflexion, qu’ayant abandonné l’excision, ils n’ont connaissance d’aucune personne ayant pratiqué l’excision dans leurs villages, selon le rapport. Caractérisant un tel unanimisme, le même rapport  parle  de « complicité communautaire », et d’une « omerta communautaire ». Alors que la pratique continue,  les populations savent, mais refusent de dénoncer. Ces réponses montrent à quel point il peut être difficile de se faire une idée précise du nombre de filles excisées et de déterminer la prévalence de l’excision dans les communautés, dit le rapport.  Qui précise qu’au Sénégal, 25% des filles et de femmes sont actuellement touchées. Environ 13% des filles de moins de 14 ans restent excisées, chaque année, en moyenne autour de l’âge de 6-7 ans.
À signaler que la consultation régionale réunit, entre autres participants, des ministres et représentants gouvernementaux, des parlementaires et des activistes du Sénégal et de 14 pays ainsi que des représentants des agences des Nations-Unies et d’autres organisations internationales et des représentations diplomatiques.

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Seuls huit jugements en 17 ans pour pratique de l'excision au Sénégal
APA / Star Africa, 26 Apr 2016


Malgré l’existence d’une loi interdisant l’excision depuis 1999 au Sénégal, seuls huit cas ont été jugés en 17 ans pour sévir contre cette pratique, a appris APA mardi à Dakar, de sources officielles.
« Au Sénégal, la loi contre l’excision peine à s’appliquer et on ne compte que 8 cas jugés pour pratique de l’excision sur une période de 17 ans», relève un document remis à la presse par le ministère sénégalais de la Femme, de la Famille et de l’Enfance et l’ONG No Peace Without Justice en marge d’une consultation ministérielle sous-régionale sur la mise en œuvre de la Résolution 69/150 de l’Organisation des Nations Unies interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines.
Ils organisent cette rencontre en partenariat avec le Comité inter-africain sur les pratiques traditionnelles ayant pour effet sur la santé des femmes et des enfants (CIAF). Selon ses organisateurs, la conférence vise à encourager la mise en œuvre de la Résolution 69/150 de l’ONU interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines dans le monde. La Résolution 69/150 de l’ONU interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines dans le monde adoptée grâce aux efforts et à la volonté des Etats africains, est devenue un point de référence crucial de la lutte globale contre cette violation des droits humains et pour assurer la protection des victimes et la poursuite des responsables.
Au Sénégal, 25% des filles et des femmes sont actuellement touchées et environ 13% des filles de moins de 14 ans restent excisées chaque année, en moyenne autour de l’âge de 6-7 ans.
« La lutte contre les mutilations génitales demeure une priorité absolue pour le Sénégal. Nous devons redoubler d’efforts à la fois en tant que pays individuel et conjointement avec d’autres pays de la sous-région afin de mettre fin à cette pratique», a indiqué Mariama Sarr, ministre de la Femme. Toutefois, elle a souligné qu’une victoire a été enregistrée dans le combat contre les mutilations génitales, surtout que l’éradication se heurte à de fortes résistances socio-culturelles. «Aujourd’hui, l’éducation aux droits humains et la communication ainsi que l’implication des leaders d’opinion, entre autres, ont permis d’engranger d’importants résultats», a dit Mme Sarr.

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