NPWJ in the news

Sénégal : Plaidoyer pour la criminalisation des mutilations génitales féminines
APA / Star Africa, 27 Apr 2016


 
Les participants à la Consultation ministérielle sous–régionale sur la mise en œuvre de la résolution 69/150 de l’Organisation des Nations Unies interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines, ont, au terme de leurs travaux, recommandé de ‘’reconnaitre et promouvoir le rôle essentiel de la législation et d’autres cadres normatifs mettant en œuvre l’interdiction des MGF à travers la prohibition et la criminalisation de cette violation des droits humains ».
La Déclaration finale de la Consultation remise dont copie a été distribuée à la presse, tient à assurer que l’interdiction des MGF se reflète dans tous les domaines et a tous les niveaux, y compris dans les codes de conduite professionnels, les normes d’éducation, la formation continue et l’évaluation professionnelle.
Le texte note que ceci devrait permettre de maximiser le potentiel de l’interdiction des MG, d’assurer une réponse coordonnée et globale répondant aux besoins des victimes.
Ils ont aussi, préconisé d’assurer des allocations budgétaires suffisantes au niveau local, national, sous régional, régional, et international destinées aux victimes de cette violation des droits humains en répondant également à leurs besoins médicaux et psychosociaux, ainsi que juridiques.
Les participants ont, en outre, appelé à la mise en place d’un mécanisme de coordination et de partage d’informations entre gouvernements, parlements et société civile dans la sous- région, afin d’harmoniser la législation, les cadres normatifs, et les politiques nationales, pour prévenir, répondre et permettre l’évaluation des activités transfrontalières concernant les MGF.
Cette rencontre est organisée par le ministère sénégalais de la Femme, de la Famille et de l’Enfance et No Peace Without Justice, en partenariat avec le Comité inter-africain sur les pratiques traditionnelles ayant pour effet sur la santé des femmes et des enfants (Ciaf). 
La Résolution 69/150 de l’ONU interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines dans le monde adoptée grâce aux efforts et à la volonté des Etats africains, est devenue un point de référence crucial de la lutte contre globale contre cette violation des droits humains et pour assurer la protection des victimes et la poursuite des responsables.
La consultation régionale a réuni durant deux jours, entre autres participants, des ministres et représentants gouvernementaux, des parlementaires et des activistes du Sénégal et de 14 pays ainsi que des représentants des agences des Nations Unies et d’autres organisations internationales et des représentations diplomatiques.

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Faible sanction sur l’excision au Sénégal. Seuls huit jugements en 17 ans
Mouhamadou BA, Rewmi, 27 Apr 2016


Malgré l’existence d’une loi interdisant l’excision, depuis 1999, au Sénégal, seuls huit cas ont été jugés en 17 ans.
Comme toutes les traditions, l’excision qui consiste en l’amputation d’une partie du sexe de la femme à la vie dure. L’État du Sénégal, tout en continuant d’user de stratégies de persuasion, d’éducation et de sensibilisation, s’est d’abord résolument engagé à user de l’arme juridique pour mettre un terme à cette pratique. Mais la loi sur l’excision souffre d’une application faible par rapport à l’ampleur de la pratique et aux résistances enregistrées, selon un rapport présenté, hier, par le ministère de la Famille. Après 17 ans de lutte, seuls 08 cas ont été portés au tribunal, lit-on dans le même rapport présenté  en marge d’une consultation ministérielle sous-régionale sur la mise en œuvre de la Résolution 69/150 de l’Organisation des Nations-Unies interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines. Selon la même source, la  loi est appliquée avec souplesse, car les peines prononcées sont faibles. Selon toujours le rapport, il y a l’intervention des lobbies religieux pour obtenir la clémence du tribunal. Même des responsables d’ONG impliqués dans la lutte contre les mutilations génitales féminines (MGF) sont intervenus « pour solliciter plus de compréhension de la part du tribunal et sa clémence ».
Aussi, les réponses particulières des communautés villageoises renvoient-elles, aux spécificités sociologiques de ces milieux faits de solidarité et de capacité de dissimulation. D’où l’absence de dénonciation. Jeunes et femmes se sont contentés de dire, après un temps perceptible d’hésitation et d’intense réflexion, qu’ayant abandonné l’excision, ils n’ont connaissance d’aucune personne ayant pratiqué l’excision dans leurs villages, selon le rapport. Caractérisant un tel unanimisme, le même rapport  parle  de « complicité communautaire », et d’une « omerta communautaire ». Alors que la pratique continue,  les populations savent, mais refusent de dénoncer. Ces réponses montrent à quel point il peut être difficile de se faire une idée précise du nombre de filles excisées et de déterminer la prévalence de l’excision dans les communautés, dit le rapport.  Qui précise qu’au Sénégal, 25% des filles et de femmes sont actuellement touchées. Environ 13% des filles de moins de 14 ans restent excisées, chaque année, en moyenne autour de l’âge de 6-7 ans.
À signaler que la consultation régionale réunit, entre autres participants, des ministres et représentants gouvernementaux, des parlementaires et des activistes du Sénégal et de 14 pays ainsi que des représentants des agences des Nations-Unies et d’autres organisations internationales et des représentations diplomatiques.

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Ouverture à Dakar d’une conférence sous-régionale contre les mutilations génitales
APA / Star Africa, 26 Apr 2016


Une conférence sous-régionale sur la mise en œuvre de la Résolution 69/150 de l’Organisation des Nations Unies interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines s’est ouverte mardi à Dakar pour s’achever mercredi, a constaté APA.
Cette rencontre est organisée par le ministère sénégalais de la Femme, de la Famille et de l’Enfance et No Peace Without Justice, en partenariat avec le Comité inter-africain sur les pratiques traditionnelles ayant pour effet sur la santé des femmes et des enfants (Ciaf).
Selon ses organisateurs, la conférence vise à encourager la mise en œuvre de la Résolution 69/150 de l’ONU interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines dans le monde.
La Résolution 69/150 de l’ONU interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines dans le monde adoptée grâce aux efforts et à la volonté des Etats africains, est devenue un point de référence crucial de la lutte contre globale contre cette violation des droits humains et pour assurer la protection des victimes et la poursuite des responsables.
La consultation régionale réunit, entre autres participants, des ministres et représentants gouvernementaux, des parlementaires et des activistes du Sénégal et de 14 pays ainsi que des représentants des agences des Nations Unies et d’autres organisations internationales et des représentations diplomatiques.

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Excision: Seuls 8 cas jugés en 17 ans au Sénégal
Sen360, 26 Apr 2016


En dépit de l'existence d'une loi interdisant l'excision depuis 1999 au Sénégal, seuls huit cas ont été jugés en 17 ans pour pratique de l'excision dans le pays.
«Au Sénégal, la loi contre l'excision peine à  s'appliquer et on ne compte que 8 cas jugés pour pratique de l'excision sur une période de 17 ans», selon un document remis à  la presse par le ministère sénégalais de la Femme, de la Famille et de l'Enfance et No Peace without justice en marge d'une consultation ministérielle sous-régionale sur la mise en ?uvre de la Résolution 69/150 de l'Organisation des Nations Unies interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines.
Ils organisent cette rencontre, en partenariat avec le Comité inter-africain sur les pratiques traditionnelles ayant pour effet sur la santé des femmes et des enfants (Ciaf).
Selon ses organisateurs, la conférence vise à  encourager la mise en ?uvre de la Résolution 69/150 de l'ONU interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines dans le monde. La Résolution 69/150 de l'ONU interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines dans le monde adoptée grâce aux efforts et à  la volonté des Etats africains, est devenue un point de référence crucial de la lutte contre globale contre cette violation des droits humains et pour assurer la protection des victimes et la poursuite des responsables.
Au Sénégal, 25% des filles et de femmes sont actuellement touchées. Environ 13% des filles de moins de 14 ans restent excisées chaque année, en moyenne autour de l'âge de 6-7 ans. «La lutte contre les mutilations génitales demeure une priorité absolue pour le Sénégal. Nous devons redoubler d'efforts à  la fois en tant que pays individuel et conjointement avec d'autres pays de la sous-région afin de mettre fin ç cette pratique», a indiqué Mariama Sarr, ministre de la Femme.

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Seuls huit jugements en 17 ans pour pratique de l'excision au Sénégal
APA / Star Africa, 26 Apr 2016


Malgré l’existence d’une loi interdisant l’excision depuis 1999 au Sénégal, seuls huit cas ont été jugés en 17 ans pour sévir contre cette pratique, a appris APA mardi à Dakar, de sources officielles.
« Au Sénégal, la loi contre l’excision peine à s’appliquer et on ne compte que 8 cas jugés pour pratique de l’excision sur une période de 17 ans», relève un document remis à la presse par le ministère sénégalais de la Femme, de la Famille et de l’Enfance et l’ONG No Peace Without Justice en marge d’une consultation ministérielle sous-régionale sur la mise en œuvre de la Résolution 69/150 de l’Organisation des Nations Unies interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines.
Ils organisent cette rencontre en partenariat avec le Comité inter-africain sur les pratiques traditionnelles ayant pour effet sur la santé des femmes et des enfants (CIAF). Selon ses organisateurs, la conférence vise à encourager la mise en œuvre de la Résolution 69/150 de l’ONU interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines dans le monde. La Résolution 69/150 de l’ONU interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines dans le monde adoptée grâce aux efforts et à la volonté des Etats africains, est devenue un point de référence crucial de la lutte globale contre cette violation des droits humains et pour assurer la protection des victimes et la poursuite des responsables.
Au Sénégal, 25% des filles et des femmes sont actuellement touchées et environ 13% des filles de moins de 14 ans restent excisées chaque année, en moyenne autour de l’âge de 6-7 ans.
« La lutte contre les mutilations génitales demeure une priorité absolue pour le Sénégal. Nous devons redoubler d’efforts à la fois en tant que pays individuel et conjointement avec d’autres pays de la sous-région afin de mettre fin à cette pratique», a indiqué Mariama Sarr, ministre de la Femme. Toutefois, elle a souligné qu’une victoire a été enregistrée dans le combat contre les mutilations génitales, surtout que l’éradication se heurte à de fortes résistances socio-culturelles. «Aujourd’hui, l’éducation aux droits humains et la communication ainsi que l’implication des leaders d’opinion, entre autres, ont permis d’engranger d’importants résultats», a dit Mme Sarr.

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Dakar hôte d’une consultation sous-régionale sur l’élimination des mutilations génitales
Ligne Directe (Sénégal), 26 Apr 2016


La capitale sénégalais accueille, ces 26 et 27 avril une consultation sous-régionale sur la mise en œuvre de la Résolution 69/150 de l’Organisation des Nations Unies interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines.
 Sous l’égide du ministère sénégalais de la Femme, de la Famille et de l’Enfance et No Peace Without Justice, en partenariat avec le Comité inter-africain sur les pratiques traditionnelles ayant pour effet sur la santé des femmes et des enfants (Ciaf), la rencontre réunit, entre autres participants, des ministres et représentants gouvernementaux, des parlementaires et des activistes du Sénégal et de 14 pays ainsi que des représentants des agences des Nations Unies et d’autres organisations internationales et des représentations diplomatiques.
 Selon ses organisateurs, la conférence vise à encourager la mise en œuvre de la Résolution 69/150 de l’ONU interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines dans le monde.
 La Résolution 69/150 de l’ONU interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines dans le monde adoptée grâce aux efforts et à la volonté des Etats africains, est devenue un point de référence crucial de la lutte contre globale contre cette violation des droits humains et pour assurer la protection des victimes et la poursuite des responsables.

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Conférence de Presse (extrait) sur la Conférence Ministérielle sous-régionale de Dakar
Senego TV, 26 Apr 2016

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Intervenants: Mariama Sarr (Ministre de la Femme, de la Famille et de l’Enfance du Sénégal), Niccolò Figà Talamanca (Secrétaire Général de NPWJ), Mariam Lamizana (CI-AF), Khady Koita (La Palabre).

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Pour rayer l'excision de la carte: Une Consultation ministérielle sous régionale s'ouvre à Dakar
Ieral, 26 Apr 2016


Trouver les voies et moyens pour éradiquer le phénomène de la mutilation génitale féminine, c’est ce qui motive une rencontre dénommée Consultation sous régionale sur la mise en œuvre de la Résolution onusienne 69/150 interdisant les mutilations génitales féminines. Cette rencontre de deux jours, qui regroupe des experts et des ministres des pays membres de la Cedeao, mais aussi d’autres pays, sera une occasion de discuter sur tout ce qui a été fait pendant 32 ans pour éradiquer ce fléau qui touche les jeunes filles.
Le ministre en charge de la Femme, de la Famille et de l’Enfance est revenu sur l’article 4 de la résolution 69/150 qui, selon elle, «exhorte les Etats à condamner, entre autres, les mutilations génitales féminines, qu’elles soient ou non pratiquées dans un centre médical, à prendre toutes les mesures nécessaires pour préserver les filles et les femmes de telles pratiques, en promulguant et en faisant appliquer une loi, une législation interdisant cette forme de violence et à mettre fin à l’impunité», a dit Mariama Sarr. « Nos différents pays sont engagés à l’application de telles mesures », a-t-elle ajouté. Prenant le cas spécifique du Sénégal, Mme Sarr fera remarquer qu’une loi pénalisant les mutilations génitales féminines y est en vigueur depuis le 29 janvier 1999. « En plus de ce dispositif législatif et pénal, différents mécanismes basés sur l’approche droits humains et les normes sociales, la responsabilisation des femmes et des jeunes, le développement formalisé du mouvement d’abandon de l’excision, le dialogue public, inclusif au sein des communautés, la mobilisation des élus locaux, des décideurs sociaux, pour ne citer que ces exemples, ont concouru à faire reculer la pratique de l’excision », a-t-elle indiqué avant de signifier que « l’engagement international autour de la lutte contre les mutilation génitales féminines à travers la résolution 69/150 est une force de lance, mais, il faut reconnaître que les dynamiques régionales et sous régionales constituent le fer de lance ». Mme Sarr d’espérer que cette rencontre soit « un espace d’échanges et de propositions qui vont, certainement, ouvrir de nouvelles orientations en phase avec cette importante résolution onusienne ».

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Brussels Conference Launches Book Revealing Shocking Facts about Discrimination against Shia in Bahrain
AhlulBayt News Agency, 24 Apr 2016


 
The organizing committee of the international two-day conference on "Persecution of Shia in Bahrain", organized by Salam for Democracy and Human Rights and No Peace without Justice, launched a book revealing human rights violations practiced against the Shia in Bahrain. The conference kicked off on Saturday (April 22, 2016). Parliamentary institutions and bodies, organizations, law experts and think tanks took part in this conference held in the Belgian capital, Brussels.
The published book on Shia Persecution in Bahrain compiles shocking figures and facts disclosing the state of religious discrimination and persecution in Bahrain. The total number of religious freedom violations committed in the country reached 578, and 38 mosques were demolished. The book also tackles the arbitrary dismissal of employees from the private and public sectors that reached 4539 dismissals over politically-motivated reasons. It further revealed that Shia representation in the judiciary authority is only 12%, meanwhile, the report on religious freedoms by the US Department of State indicated that the Shia citizens constitute more than 60% of Bahraini population.
The book highlighted that the costs of housing requests made  by the politically naturalized citizens exceeds 2 billion and 289 million BD; which is equal to 6 billion and 70 million US dollars. Meanwhile, there are more than 53,000 housing requests at a rate of 4,000 annually. Shia are also deprived of taking charge of their religious endowments directorates (waqf), Shia athletes are persecuted and Shia students are also deprived of scholarships and educational rights. 33% of high-ranking students were deprived of scholarships.
Figures reveal that one third of the Northern Province (Shia villages) are still without drainage systems. The authorities did not commit to building 37% of the demolished mosques. Meanwhile, the violations in Ashura in 2015 reached 169. This, in addition to insulting the Shia sect and inciting hatred against its adherents during Friday sermons. The book also sheds light on the deliberate negligence and sabotage of the heritage and historic Shiite sites, not to mention the security forces' insults and abuses against Shia citizens in torture chambers.
The Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry highlighted the issues of inciting hatred, abuse of laws, discrimination against Shia, use of sectarian language and insults against detainees and religious figures, noting that many cases of torture and ill-treatment took place for the purpose of sectarian discrimination. Recommendation 1724 called on the authorities to take concrete measures to prevent incitement of violence and hatred.
The USCIRF had devoted a part of its 2013 annual report to Bahraini-related issues and severely criticised a number of cases. The report also documented media campaigns that used sectarian language against a certain sect of the society. Also, the US Department of State considered in its 2013 annual report that one of the major problems in Bahrain is discrimination against Shia citizens. For its part, the British Parliament expressed its concern regarding the ongoing media campaigns that foster sectarian hatred in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office 2012 report.

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Des ministres de la sous-région en consultation sur l’interdiction des Mutilations génitales féminines, Pana - 24 avril 2016
PANA, 24 Apr 2016


Dakar, Sénégal (PANA) – Les ministres de la Femme, de la Santé et de la Justice des Etats membres de la Communauté économique des Etats d’Afrique de l’Ouest (CEDEAO) et de la Mauritanie prennent part ce lundi à Dakar (Sénégal), à la Consultation sous-régionale sur l’application de la Résolution onusienne 69/150 interdisant les Mutilations génitales féminines (MGF).
Cette rencontre, qui vise à renforcer en particulier le cadre politique, législatif et juridique interdisant la pratique, se veut un moment-clé de la Campagne « BanFGM : Pour l’Elimination des Mutilations génitales féminines » dont le lancement effectif avait été effectué à Dakar en avril 2010.
Cette campagne financée par le ministère italien des Affaires étrangères et du Développement international, est menée par un groupe d’organisations de la société civile, composé de No Peace Without Justice (NPWJ), du Comité inter-africain sur les pratiques traditionnelles ayant effet sur la santé des femmes et des enfants (CI-AF) et des organisations nationales partenaires.
Aussi, la Consultation sous-régionale entend-elle harmoniser les législations nationales avec les conventions et traités internationaux ratifiés par la plupart des Etats de l’Afrique subsaharienne et renforcer l’engagement des acteurs impliqués à la mise en œuvre des dispositions de la Résolution 69/150.
Il faut rappeler qu’en 2012, l’assemblée générale des Nations unies avait adopté par consensus, la Résolution 67/146, qui sera renouvelée en 2014 et remplacée par la Résolution 69/150, interdisant les MGF de façon universelle.
« Aujourd’hui, un cadre législatif clair et efficient interdisant les MGF est désormais considéré comme un pilier incontournable dans la lutte contre cette violation des droits humains », affirme le ministère sénégalais de la Femme, de la Famille et de l’Enfance, dans un communiqué qui met en exergue le « leadership très fort » du Sénégal dans le mouvement de promotion de l’abandon des pratiques néfastes.
Le communiqué de presse rapporte, à cet effet, « une réelle volonté politique marquée par un engagement au plus haut niveau de l’Etat sénégalais depuis les années 70 », précisant que l’année 1997 avait marqué un tournant décisif avec la prise de position publique du président d’alors, Abdou Diouf, condamnant la pratique des MGF, à l’occasion du congrès mondial des droits de l’homme, tenu à Dakar.
L’Assemblée nationale avait ensuite voté la loi 99-05 interdisant la pratique des MGF le 13 janvier 1999, sous l’impulsion du collectif des femmes parlementaires et des organisations de femmes.
Ces efforts en faveur de l’abandon des pratiques néfastes avaient conduit à l’élaboration de deux plans d’actions quinquennaux (2000-2005 et 2010-2015), « dont les exécutions ont permis d’enregistrer des progrès considérables », indique le communiqué qui invite tous les pays du monde entier à adopter des stratégies permettant de « pérenniser les acquis et de relever les défis pour le bonheur des femmes et des jeunes filles ».

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Consultation Ministérielle Sous Régionale sur la mise en œuvre de la Résolution onusienne 69/150 interdisant les Mutilations Génitales Féminines
Thiey Dakar, 23 Apr 2016


Un événement organisé par le Ministère de la Femme, de la Famille et de l’Enfance du Sénégal, No Peace Without Justice, le Comité Inter-Africain sur les Pratiques Traditionnelles, La Palabre.
Pourquoi en 2016, le monde compte plus de 200 millions de filles et de femmes ayant subi les mutilations génitales féminines? Comment expliquer que cette forme de violence à l’égard des filles et des femmes, persiste toujours? Comment accepter que ces violations des droits humains continuent d’être perpétrées contre les femmes, sous-couvertes du respect de la tradition ou de la religion? Aujourd’hui, un cadre législatif clair et efficient interdisant les MGF est désormais considéré comme un pilier incontournable dans la lutte contre cette violation des droits humains.
Suite aux efforts des gouvernements et de la société civile, l’Assemblée générale des Nations unies a adopté par consensus, en 2012, la Résolution 67/146 (renouvelée en 2014 et remplacée par la 69/150) interdisant les MGF de façon universelle.
Depuis 2010, la Campagne « BanFGM : Pour l’Elimination des Mutilations Génitales Féminines » vise à contribuer à l’interdiction mondiale des MGF. La Campagne a vu son lancement effectif à Dakar en avril 2010 pendant la Conférence Interparlementaire, organisée en collaboration entre le Ministère de la Femme, de la Famille et de l’Enfance, le Réseau des Parlementaires pour la Population et le Développement du Sénégal et NPWJ. Le Sénégal a donc, très tôt, eu un rôle central dans la poursuite de la Résolution onusienne, au niveau continental comme international.
La Campagne BanFGM, financée par le Ministère italien des Affaires étrangères et du développement international, est menée par un groupe d’organisations de la société civile, composé de No Peace Without Justice (NPWJ), du Comité Inter-Africain sur les Pratiques Traditionnelles ayant effet sur la Santé des Femmes et des Enfants (CI-AF) et des organisations nationales partenaires.
Le moment clé de cette campagne est l’organisation de cette Consultation Ministérielle Sous Régionale, les 26 et 27 avril 2016, à Dakar. Elle réunira les pays de la CEDEAO en plus de la Mauritanie, notamment les ministres de la Femme, de la Santé et de la Justice de la sous-région car étant les plus concernés par la question de l’application de la loi interdisant les MGF. Cette rencontre vise surtout à renforcer l’engagement des acteurs impliqués et en particulier le cadre politique, législatif et juridique interdisant la pratique, conformément aux dispositions de la Résolution 69/150, d’où l’urgence d’harmoniser la législation nationale conformément avec les conventions et traités internationaux ratifiés par la plupart des États des pays de l’Afrique Subsaharienne, dont le Sénégal.
Le choix de notre pays pour abriter cette rencontre s’explique par son leadership très fort dans le mouvement de promotion de l’abandon des pratiques néfastes. En effet, depuis les années 70, le gouvernement avait réaffirmé une réelle volonté politique par un engagement au plus haut niveau de l’Etat. L’année 1997 a marqué un tournant décisif avec la prise de position publique du président de la République, condamnant la pratique des MGF, à l’occasion du congrès mondial des droits de l’homme tenu à Dakar. En plus, le 13 janvier 1999, l’Assemblée Nationale avait voté, sous l’impulsion du collectif des femmes parlementaires et des organisations de femmes, la loi 99-05 interdisant la pratique des MGF. A cela s’ajoute l’élaboration de deux plans d’actions quinquennaux 2000-2005 et 2010-2015, dont les exécutions ont permis d’enregistrer des progrès considérables. Toutes ces raisons renforcent notre optimisme à penser que le Sénégal pourrait être le premier pays à atteindre l’objectif d’abandon total des MGF. Nous espérons que tous les pays du monde entier adopteront des stratégies leur permettant de pérenniser les acquis et de relever les défis pour le bonheur des femmes et des jeunes filles.

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Outrage at UN court's 'rewriting' of Balkans wars
Jo Biddle, AFP, 01 Apr 2016


Legal experts and historians have reacted with outrage to the controversial war crimes acquittal of firebrand Serb Vojislav Seselj, saying it overturns international law and rewrites the history of the Balkans conflict.
"The decision of the majority (judges) is divorced from the reality of what was happening in Croatia and Bosnia," former top US diplomat on war crimes issues, Stephen Rapp, told AFP. No stranger to complex cases, having led the prosecution of ex-Liberian president Charles Taylor, Rapp said he was very "disappointed" that Seselj was on Thursday found not guilty of nine charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity. The majority ruling by a three-judge panel at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) departed "from established law and accepted practises of fact-finding," said Rapp, now an expert with the Hague Global Institute for Justice, a think tank.
Seselj, once a firebrand paramilitary leader, had been charged with murder, persecution and torture of non-Serb civilians by being allegedly a member of a "joint criminal enterprise" along with the late Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic. But in essence, the judges found that Seselj was a politician who ardently supported his vision of a Greater Serbia, but was not a criminal.
The judges also tossed aside decades of international law by saying "the crimes happened in an atmosphere of war, and this justifies them," Balkans expert Eric Gordy told AFP. "This is simply in conflict with the law," added Gordy, a senior lecturer on Southeast European politics at University College London. Chief ICTY prosecutor Serge Brammertz is already studying the judgement to see if there are grounds for appeal, and said many of the judges' arguments were "absolutely not in line with the factual reality."
- 'No reasoning' -
Dissenting judge Flavia Lattanzi, in an unusually strong opinion, said her two colleagues had used "insufficient reasoning, or no reasoning at all" to support their acquittal of Seselj, "in contravention" of the court's rules. Read by French judge Jean-Claude Antonetti, the judgement acquitted Seselj of any wrongdoing during the period of the indictment between August 1991 and September 1993.
"The prosecution failed to prove beyond all reasonable doubt that there was a widespread and systematic attack against the non-Serb civilian population in large areas of Croatia and Bosnia-Hercegovina," Antonetti said. He specifically mentioned Vukovar, a Croatian town razed by Serb forces in November 1991, and Zvornik where some 40,000 non-Serb Bosnians were expelled by paramilitary groups in 1992. The judges could not rule out that the buses used to transport non-Serbs away from Serb-claimed territories "were in fact provided on humanitarian grounds," Antonetti said.
As for Seselj's inflammatory speeches such as urging Serb forces attacking Vukovar "to spare no one," he was "participating in the war effort by galvanising the Serb forces," the judges concluded.
The historical facts outlined by the judges "conflict with what the tribunal has found and what researchers and others know about what happened," said Gordy, the Balkans expert. He highlighted in particular the finding that there was no sustained attack on civilians in the Croatian town of Vukovar. "This is an impossible claim," said Gordy.
- 'Revisionism' -
Vukovar suffered a three-month long siege before being captured by Serb forces in November 1991. The hospital was heavily shelled throughout the siege, but stayed open, coping with desperate conditions including a lack of medicines, electricity, food and water. In late November 1991, Serb soldiers bused some 400 wounded Croats and other non-Serbs from the hospital to nearby Ovcara. Some 260 of them were taken to a secluded pig farm, where they were beaten, killed and buried in mass graves. Seselj was acquitted of murder as a war crime for the massacre committed by volunteers known as "Seselj's men" as the judges found he had no "hierarchical" responsibility for his militiamen.
"This kind of historical revision is quite simply unacceptable," said Niccolo Figa-Talamanca, head of the No Peace Without Justice non-governmental organisation. The judges had said "their role is not to establish the entire truth about the events that occurred; this may be true, but their role is equally not to deny the truth."
Noted author and Balkans expert, Jelena Subotic, writing for the EU-backed Balkans Transitional Justice initiative, denounced Thursday's verdict as "an embarrassment." "The Seselj verdict so fundamentally changes the interpretation of the character of the Yugoslav wars that it flips the main causal chain of events completely backwards," she said. 

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Syria event held on sidelines of human rights session
Gulf Times / QNA, 18 Mar 2016


Qatar’s permanent mission  to the UN Office in Geneva has organised a side event entitled, “Syria after five years in pursuit of democracy and accountability” at the 31st session of the Human Rights Council currently being held here.
The event was organised in co-operation with the permanent missions of Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, the Netherlands, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the US along with “No Peace Without Justice” to the UN Office at Geneva.
A debate was the event’s main feature. The debate team members were Rami Nakhla , Syria project co-ordinator for No Peace Without Justice, Farah Atassi, president, National Syrian Women Association, Salma Jalkhi from Association of Women for Development and Fadel Abdulghani, director and founder of the Syrian Network for Human Rights (SNHR).
UK Special Representative for Syria Gareth Bayley and Muwafaq Nairabiye, vice-president of the National Coalition for Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces, Michael Ratney, the US special envoy for Syria, were among the keynote participants. The event was co-managed by Hussein Sabbagh, secretary general of Euro-Syrian Democratic Forum and Niccolo Figa-Talamanca, secretary general of No Peace Without Justice.
It was attended by representatives of the member states of the UN Human Rights Council, Syrian non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and relevant international institutions.

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"Restoring faith in U.N.’s role"
By Jamal Mamo, Orient Net, 24 Feb 2016


U.N‘s role in resolving conflicts in the world has been jeopardized throughout the long five years of the Syrian crisis. Syrians have already lost their faith in the international community and its ability to stand firmly next to their just cause. However, there are still many Syrian activists and former international officials who are willing to give new hopes for Syrians who are eagerly fighting to make their voice heard.
In this context NPWJ Syria Program Coordinator Rami Nakhla held a panel discussion on February 22 to address the best course of practical action that needs to be taken by Syrian Civil Society Organizations and the International Community to restore the faith of Syrians in International Justice Mechanisms. The panel discussion takes place as a side event during the ongoing workshop “Promoting Accountability through UN Mechanisms with a focus on Women and Children” organized by NPWJ. The Panelists who participated in the panel discussion are: Flavia Pansieri: Former United Nations Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights; Jeremy Sarkin: Professor of Law at the University of South Africa (UNISA); Mustafa Haid: Syrian Activist and Dawlaty Chairperson.
One of the major drivers perpetuating the conflict in Syria is the sense of impunity for those committing crimes and human right violations, due in part to the paralysis of international justice mechanisms in holding perpetrators accountable. In turn, this fuels the feeling of a sense of abandonment by the Syrian people and promotes the idea that ‘Victors Justice’ is currently the only real option for Syria – repeating the cycle of revenge and violence. This has made reaching a political solution through negotiation next to impossible. In order to restore Syrians’ faith in international mechanisms to facilitate a political solution, we need first to restore their trust in the capabilities of international mechanism to facilitate justice for them.
The Former deputy high commissioner for Human Rights of the United Nations Flavia Pansieri said that the U.N as much as it is secretariat alone can’t find a political solution unless Security Council members cooperate for this goal. This is essential to deal with the current crisis. But concurrently while working for that solution there are many measures the U.N can and is already taking to address the problem in Syria. First, in terms of saving lives through humanitarian response. Second, through providing along with other partners capacity building to ensure that the ground is laid for whenever the current political crisis will be resolved to rebuild the institutions of the state on the basis of transparent, accountable and democratic principles. Third, documenting the grave violations of human rights that are going on to make sure that when the moment comes and it will come there will be accountability for what perpetrators have committed in terms of human rights violations. Professor Jeremy Sarkin said that U.N played an important role in implementing transitional justice in countries which have had wide-scale human violations. Despite being delayed due to political conflicts between U.N members, countries such as Angola, Liberia, Rwanda and Bosnia have managed to bring war criminals to justice.  Professor Sarkin advised Syrian activists not to lose hope and to keep documenting everything because documentation is their weapon to prove their just cause. Mustafa Haid commented on the main issue of the panel saying: “Syrian citizens are feeling let down and abandoned by the whole world. They are certainly feeling alone while facing the regime’s brutality.” Haid added that in order for Syrians to restore their faith in the U.N’s role and its mechanisms of implementing justice many tangible steps should be taken in this concern.
Syrians haven’t been going through hell by a brutal regime that has no equal in human history. They thought that the international community represented by the U.N. would definitely be on their just side.Their hopes and expectations weren’t met to the dismay of the international organization. However, they still count on the conscience of humanity to realize one day that they have a just cause and case. 

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Siria: approdano a Roma le foto di torture di “Caesar”
Alessandra Baldini, ONUITALIA, 12 Feb 2016


Dopo il Palazzo di Vetro e il parlamento Europeo le foto che denunciano atrocita’ commesse in Siria approdano a Roma dove potrebbero essere esposte in uno degli ambienti del Senato. Le immagini, una trentina, sarebbero state scattate da un ex fotografo della polizia militare siriana dal nome in codice Caesar.
Nei giorni scorsi, la presidente della Camera Laura Boldrini aveva rifiutato l’uso degli ambienti di Montecitorio per ospitare le foto anche perché giudicate “troppo efferate”
per le scolaresche spesso in visita ai Palazzi della politica. Ad offrire “ospitalità” alla mostra
fotografica è stato invece il presidente della Commissione per la Tutela dei diritti umani Luigi Manconi che ha assicurato il suo l’impegno e quello dell’organismo parlamentare da lui guidato per convincere i vertici di Palazzo Madama a dare tempi certi per la mostra.
Manconi ha assicurato che ndranno seguite tutte le regole in vigore al Senato adottando misure minime che consentano di rispettare la sensibilità di tutti, specie quella degli studenti più giovani in visita a Palazzo Madama, ma almeno “sarà possibile ospitare in una sede istituzionale questa straordinaria testimonianza contro la brutalità dei regimi dittatoriali”.
In attesa che si trovino le sale più idonee per accogliere le immagini dei “corpi degli oppositori di Assad, veri o presunti, torturati a morte nelle carceri siriane”, Sabrina Gasparrini che lavora per “Non c’è pace senza giustizia” spiega che in realtà gli scatti di Caesar “sono 55mila per un totale di 11.000 cadaveri”. L’ex fotografo della polizia siriana infatti “quando decise di lasciare il suo paese nel 2013 per denunciare al mondo le atrocità subite dal suo popolo portò via la pennetta Usb nella quale aveva raccolto tutto il suo lavoro di anni.

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Emma Bonino: «Le torture di Assad che Roma non vuole vedere»
di Lorenzo Cremonesi, nostro inviato a Gaziantep, Corriere della Sera, 11 Feb 2016


L’esponente radicale al confine turco-siriano: perché Camera e Senato non espongono quelle foto? Sono 53mila immagini che documentano gli orrori del regime di Damasco.
GAZIANTEP (Turchia) Quando hai il corpo impegnato nella lotta contro il tumore, come è il caso di Emma Bonino per sua stessa ammissione, dopo mesi e mesi di chemio nell’altalenarsi di crisi e speranze, ogni viaggio, ogni incontro, ogni discorso, diventano estremamente affaticanti. Il fisico si rifiuta, ci sono vertigini, un grande sonno, l’affievolirsi dei sensi. Anche soltanto leggere un breve documento può trasformarsi in una missione impossibile. Eppure, ieri mattina Emma appariva più combattiva che mai nel cercare di capire la situazione dei disperati che fuggono verso la Turchia dai bombardamenti in Siria. Capire e denunciare. «Possibile che noi europei si faccia così poco? Qui si sta consumando una tragedia terrificante», ci ha detto con la parlantina di sempre nella lobby del suo hotel con la valigia in mano. Un foulard discretamente avvolto sul capo a nascondere gli effetti collaterali delle cure. Gli occhi luccicanti di passione, dietro le lenti spesse. Più spesse di pochi mesi fa? O è forse un’impressione?
Posizione incomprensibile
Emma Bonino non le manda a dire. Hanno fatto molto rumore, dalla Turchia, le parole pronunciate in veste di membro della delegazione dell’European Council e di attivista-fondatrice dell’organizzazione non governativa «Non c’è Pace Senza Giustizia». «Da mesi vorremmo portare anche a Roma la ben nota sequenza di foto della cosiddetta Esposizione Caesar, che testimonia le terribili torture commesse in modo sistematico dal regime di Bashar Assad contro i detenuti in carcere. Ma sia il Senato che la Camera l’hanno rifiutata, vuoi per motivi di opportunità politica, vuoi perché considerate troppo crude», spiega. Emma ha uno scatto. «Mi sembra una posizione incomprensibile. E’ dal 2013 che quelle oltre 53.000 immagini che documentano le sofferenze di quasi 7.000 prigionieri fanno il giro del mondo. Sono state nei corridoi delle Nazioni Unite, nelle maggiori università americane e inglesi, al parlamento di Londra, a Bruxelles. Come è concepibile che invece noi italiani le si abbia rifiutate? Per Laura Boldrini non possono essere esposte alla Camera, offendono le nostre sensibilità. Ma sono vere, sono lo specchio di eventi reali. Se andiamo avanti a edulcorare i fatti in questo modo finiremo per creare nuove generazioni incapaci di confrontarsi con la durezza dell’universo che ci circonda».
Scuole e ospedali nel mirino
Il tema è indubbiamente all’ordine del giorno. «Gli osservatori che lavorano in Siria, e riportano anche alla nostra organizzazione, raccontano degli effetti terrificanti dei bombardamenti russi sulla popolazione civile. Ci sono voci di massacri da parte delle truppe lealiste e delle milizie sciite>, continua l’esponente radicale. Le fanno eco i rappresentanti della sua organizzazione qui a Gaziantep. «Abbiamo testimonianze di scuole, cliniche e ospedali colpiti in modo ripetuto a nord di Aleppo. Nella cittadina di Azaz in meno di 24 ore sono stati presi di mira almeno cinque ospedali. I profughi scappano nel timore di massacri da parte dei fedelissimi di Bashar.
Un fenomeno nuovo vede molti civili delle zone sunnite dove prima operavano le milizie ribelli che, di fronte alla chiusura dei confini turchi, scelgono di scappare nelle zone controllate da Isis, piuttosto che subire le vendette delle squadracce legate al regime di Damasco», sostiene Rami Nakhla, esponente locale di «Non c’è Pace Senza Giustizia». Incontrando ad Ankara il premier Ahmet Davutoglu, la delegazione europea si è sentita ripetere le ragioni del permanere della chiusura della frontiera, che comunque per le autorità turche resta «formalmente aperta». Dal confine con la Siria non lontano da Gaziantep gli aiuti umanitari affluiscono al campo di tende approntato a pochi metri dal filo spinato, in territorio siriano. E i casi di feriti più gravi hanno accesso agli ospedali turchi. Ma resta il timore che l’esodo sia solo agli inizi.

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AAS-Iraq receives a delegation from the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization and No Peace Without Justice
Assyrian Aid Iraq, 10 Feb 2016


President of Assyrian Aid Society-Iraq Mr. Ashur Eskrya, at the AASI's headquarters in Dohuk, on Wednesday Feb. 10th 2016, received a delegation included Ms. Johanna Green, program manager at Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization and Mr. Alessandro Manno from No Peace Without Justice, with the  attendance of body Administrative of AASI.
The AASI President talked with visitors about the conditions of indigenous peoples and minorities in Iraq after the occupation of Daash (ISIS) to their areas, especially the conditions of our People, where he explained the difficult humanitarian situation of  IDP's in areas where they currently living in, the need to find solutions or to address the situation, and the returning of displaced people to their areas and guarantees in returning the minorities to peaceful coexistence in their areas of origin, Mr. Ashur also talked about the role of our Society during the previous period in providing assistance to support IDP's, in attempts to reduce their suffer by providing the shelter and relief.

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Emma Bonino in collegamento con Ballarò dalla città turca Gaziantep vicina al confine con la Siria
RAI 3, 09 Feb 2016


"Sei paesi che di fronte a questa situazione chiudono le frontiere è un'immagine dell'Europa che francamente non avremmo mai voluto vedere". Così Emma Bonino ospite di Ballarò in collegamento da Gaziantep al confine tra Turchia e Siria. Solo a gennaio 369 migranti morti nel Mediterraneo. In 5 mesi 330 bambini annegati nel braccio di mare tra Turchia e Grecia.
"In Siria c'è una guerra. Continueranno a scappare finché non ci sarà una soluzione a casa loro. Dalle bombe si scappa, come è umano.
E noi che facciamo, li vogliamo affogare nel Mediterraneo? Francamente non mi pareva che fosse per questo che ci eravamo messi insieme come europei".
Nel corso della trasmissione ha parlato anche delle attività promosse da Non c'è Pace Senza Giustizia dall'inizio conflitto con lo scopo di sostenere le organizzazioni della società civile e gli attivisti democratici siriani nella loro capacità di azione e di difesa per la giustizia di transizione, la lotta contro l'impunità per le violazioni massiccie dei diritti umani commesse e l'avvio di un processo di transizione verso la democrazia e lo stato di diritto nel paese. A partire dall’ottobre del 2013, ha svolto questo lavoro dal suo ufficio di Gaziantep, Turchia.

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Gambia: Gamcotrap to Observe International Zero Tolerance to FGM Day
The Point (Banjul) / All Africa, 02 Feb 2016


February 6th is an important day in the advocacy to end Female Genital Mutilation globally but in Africa in particular.It is an event calling the attention of the whole world with the aim to end violence against women and girl -children. The theme this for 2016 is "Together, mobilizing to contribute to the achievement of the new Global Goals through the elimination of Female Genital Mutilation by 2030."
In the Gambia, years of working together with grassroots communities has proven that we can achieve the goal of protecting girls from FGM and ensure that the environment is safe for girls to reach their full potential with their bodily integrity in tack.Reaching out to 1015 Communities in rural areas of the Gambia, 158 Circumcisers making public declaration through the Dropping of the Knife celebration is worth celebration.Such achievement has been taken to higher heights with a Specific law criminalizing and prohibiting FGM in the Gambia.
As the Gambia joins the world to celebrate Zero Tolerance day to end FGM, GAMCOTRAP, financed by the Italian Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, the Civil Society partners, No Peace Without Justice (NPWJ), Inter African Committee on Traditional Practices (IAC) take pride in bringing together delegates from the seven regions of rural Gambia to celebrate the achievement on a consultation to be conducted at the Independent Stadium in Bakau.Indeed rural people deserve to celebrate the day having been empowered with knowledge, information and skills to end the practice.They were there when the road was rough and tough.They realized that FGM is not a religious issue but a cultural practice and that culture is not static, together community members, Chiefs, village heads, women leaders, circumcisers, women and men, young and old came to consensus that girls need to be protected from FGM through enlightenment but also with a law to create a safe environment for them.

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Así luchan las mujeres sirias por la paz dentro de la guerra
Mario Cuesta, El Diario, 28 Jan 2016


Entrevista a Oula Ramadan, fundadora de la ONG que ha publicado un informe exhaustivo sobre el trabajo por la paz de las mujeres activistas dentro de Siria
El acuerdo firmado por distintos grupos de la oposición siria en Arabia Saudí y el comienzo de un nuevo proceso de paz, sigue sin despejar la duda sobre el futuro de las mujeres en el país. La realidad es que, desterradas de los órganos de poder, algunas activistas llevan trabajando por la paz dentro de Siria, con grave riesgo para sus vidas, desde el comienzo de la guerra. Recientemente la organización Badael, en colaboración con la Fundación Kvinna till Kvinna, ha publicado el primer informe exhaustivo sobre esta materia. Oula Ramadan (1983) es la fundadora de Badael, y un perfecto ejemplo de este compromiso. 
Activista por los derechos humanos -lo que le ha acarreado graves problemas con la policía-, ha trabajado para UNCHR y participado en varias organizaciones clandestinas, como el Foro por un Diálogo Democrático Nacional , y el Centro de Estudios por los Derechos Humanos de Damasco.
Desde la revolución de 2011 trabaja por la transición política, siendo un miembro destacado de la Iniciativa de Mujeres Sirias para la Paz y la Democracia . En 2014 recibió el premio a los Derechos Humanos de la organización 'No Peace without Justice', que preside la excomisaria europea Emma Bonino.

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Bahrein. Un Paese in cerca di diritti
Speciale Spazio transnazionale, Radio Radicale, 25 Jan 2016


Intervengono: Ali Alaswad (Membro dell’ Al Wefaq National Islamic Society), Emma Bonino (Già ministro degli Affari Esteri), Niccolò Figà Talamanca (Segretario generale dell’Associazione Non c’è Pace senza Giustizia), Khalil al-Marzooq (Consigliere del Segretario Generale di Al Wefaq ed ex membro del Consiglio dei Rappresentanti) Alberto Negri (Inviato speciale de Il Sole 24Ore).
Conducono Francesco De Leo e Sabrina Gasparrini (Collaboratrice di Non c’è Pace senza Giustizia ed esperta di geopolitica).

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Circoncisione femminile: il 6 febbraio la Giornata per dire "basta"
Giulia Vola, Magazine delle Donne, 24 Jan 2016


La circoncisione femminile è solo la più praticata delle quattro voci dell’orrore; escissione del clitoride, infibulazione o circoncisione faraonica e mutilazioni genitali sono le altre tre. La classifica è dell’Organizzazione Mondiale della Sanità, che ha fatto i calcoli: 130 milioni di donne sono già state mutilate, 3 milioni di bambine, ogni anno, sono a rischio. Ovunque nel mondo, perfino in Italia. Perché i rapporti raccontano un’abitudine dura a morire, subita dalle figlie, inflitta anzitutto dalle madri, fedeli alla cultura ereditata, convinte di fare la cosa giusta. E invece. Invece di circoncisione femminile si può anche morire, basta un’infezione o un’emorragia. E quando si sopravvive la quotidianità è tempestata di cisti, i rapporti sessuali sono difficili e dolorosi. I parti non ne parliamo: capita che il bambino muoia, stremato dai tentativi di venire al mondo attraverso una via d'uscita troppo stretta.
(...)
Circoncisione femminile: la battaglia legale
Una battaglia che l’Italia dovrebbe combattere in prima linea dal momento che i dati (aggiornati al 2009) stimano in 35mila le vittime di circoncisione femminile, numeri che assegnano alla Penisola il quarto posto - dopo Gran Bretagna (170mila donne), Francia (53mila) e Svezia (42mila) - nella classifica europea in questione. Eppure molto è stato fatto e qualcosa è cambiato anche se del tanto clamore che fece Non C'è Pace Senza Giustizia, la campagna che Emma Bonino iniziò negli anni Novanta organizzando eventi, convegni e conferenze sul tema, è rimasto un’eco lontana. 
La legge 7 del 2006 prevede da 3 a 16 anni per chi pratica la circoncisione femminile ma le denunce si contano sulle dita di una mano e dei 5 milioni l’anno che proponeva di stanziare per indagini, campagne e corsi di formazione per docenti e mediatori si sono visti solo spiccioli; nel 2010 le firme raccolte in tutto il mondo dal movimento Non C'è Pace Senza Giustizia sono sbarcate all'Assemblea generale delle Nazioni Unite e il 20 dicembre 2012 è stata approvata la risoluzione sulla messa al bando universale delle mutilazioni genitali femminili. Il 5 febbraio 2013, Plan Italia e Nosotras hanno lanciato la petizione Stop alle Mutilazioni Genitali chiedendo ai governi di impegnarsi concretamente: il 1º giugno 2015 l’ha fatto, per primo, l’allora presidente nigeriano Goodluck Jonathan istituendo il reato di mutilazione genitale femminile. Massimo della pena 4 anni di carcere e una multa pari a 900 Euro. Il 6 febbraio è la Giornata Mondiale contro l'infibulazione e le mutilazioni genitali femminili, il dipartimento per le Pari opportunità ha assicurato che pubblicherà le iniziative finanziate finora. 

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Attentato di Al Qaeda nella capitale del Burkina Faso - Intervista a Nicolò Figa Talamanca, Segretario di Non c'è pace senza Giustizia
Radio Radicale, 16 Jan 2016


 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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South Africa needs more time on al-Bashir-ICC matter
By SABC, 14 Jan 2016


The South African government has made a submission for an extension to explain to the International Criminal Court (ICC) why it did not transfer Sudanese President Omar Al-Bashir to The Hague when he attended the European Union (EU) summit in Johannesburg in June 2015. The ICC has released the document submitted by the South African government, which is calling for a three months extension to explain why ICC indicted Omar Al-Bashir wasn't transferred to The Hague. The report dated 21 December 2015, but only being released publicly now says that this issue is not urgent and that rushing to provide the requested explanation could mean relevant facts are not obtained. No Peace Without Justice Spokesperson, Niccolo Figa-Talamanca, says: "In practical terms there is absolutely no urgency. Al Bashir is not in South Africa so there is no issue that needs to be resolved immediately however the political fall back of a continuing and prolonged back and forth in front of the court does not look good for the court, does not look good for South Africa." ICC judges will now decide whether to grant South Africa a 3 month extension.

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Arabia Saudita: dibattito sulle recenti esecuzioni capitali
Radio Radicale, 04 Jan 2016


Sono intervenuti: Michele Lembo (giornalista di Radio Radicale), Sergio D'Elia (segretario dell'Associazione Radicale Nessuno Tocchi Caino, Radicali Italiani), Alberto Negri (inviato speciale de Il Sole 24 Ore), Emma Bonino (fondatrice di Non c'è Pace Senza Giustizia), Benedetto Della Vedova (sottosegretario di Stato al Ministero degli Affari Esteri, Misto), Umberto De Giovannangeli (giornalista de L'Unità), Silvia Colombo (responsabile di ricerca dell'Istituto Affari Internazionali), Furio Colombo (giornalista e scrittore), Giulio Meotti (giornalista de Il Foglio).

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Esecuzioni capitali in Arabia Saudita - Emma Bonino ospite a Rai News 24
Rai News 24, 04 Jan 2016


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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FGM / Senegal: Interview of Khady Koita and Alvilda Jablonko
TFM - Télé Futurs Médias / Yeewu Leen (Sénégal), Parmi Nous avec Chiara, 16 Dec 2015


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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Gambia: NPWJ And NRPTT Welcome The Proclamation Of A Ban On FGM By President Jammeh
Freedom Newspaper (Gambia), 24 Nov 2015


Statement by Alvilda Jablonko, Director for Gender and Human Rights, No Peace Without Justice: “No Peace Without Justice (NPWJ) and the Nonviolent Radical Party, Transnational and Transparty (NRPTT) welcome the public proclamation of a ban on female genital mutilation (FGM) by President Yahya Jammeh which demonstrates the political commitment at the highest level to tackle FGM and protect the rights of women and girls in the Gambia. This public proclamation echoes the voices of the numerous communities which over the past eight years have publicly demonstrated their willingness to end FGM. It also reinforces the legitimacy and impact of the advocacy and awareness efforts carried out by civil society groups such as GAMCOTRAP under the tireless leadership of its president, Isatou Touray, to bring an end to this human rights violation. We stand side by side with Gambian activists in urging all members of the National Assembly to take action following President Jammeh’s declaration and adopt specific legislation criminalising FGM before the end of this year. As called for by the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 69/150, ‘enacting and enforcing legislation to prohibit FGM and to protect women and girls from this form of violence, and to hold perpetrators to account’ are fundamental and crucial factors to successfully combat this form of gender-based violence, promote its elimination and protect its victims”.

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Bangladesh opposition leaders to hang for war crimes
By Ruma Paul, Reuters, 18 Nov 2015


Bangladesh's Supreme Court on Wednesday rejected final appeals from two opposition leaders against death sentences for atrocities committed during the 1971 war of independence, rulings that are likely to spark protests by their supporters.
Muslim-majority Bangladesh has seen a rise in Islamist violence in recent months, with two foreigners and four secular writers and a publisher killed this year.
Ali Ahsan Mohammad Mujahid, 67, secretary general of the Jamaat-e-Islami party, was found guilty of five charges including torture and the murders of intellectuals and minority Hindus while he commanded Al Badr, an auxiliary force of the Pakistani army, during the war to break away from Pakistan.
Salahuddin Quader Chowdhury, 66, former legislator from former premier Khaleda Zia's Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), was convicted in October 2013 on charges of genocide, religious persecution, abduction and torture during the war.
"The entire nation is happy with the verdicts," Attorney General Mahbubey Alam told reporters outside the packed court amid tight security.
The rulings mean the two could be hanged at any time unless they seek mercy from the president.
Mujahid, social welfare minister from 2001 to 2006 under Khaleda, would be the first former minister and the third to be hanged while Chowdhury would be the first BNP leader to go to the gallows unless they are granted clemency.
"It is up to them whether they want to seek mercy or not," defense counsel Khandaker Mahbub Hossain told reporters.
Just a few hours before the rulings, an Italian priest and doctor was wounded in the latest attack on foreigners in Bangladesh. Islamic State militants have claimed responsibility for earlier attacks on foreigners.
The government, however, rejected Islamic State's claim and blamed the growing violence in Bangladesh on its domestic political opponents linked to Islamist parties.
Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina opened an inquiry in 2010 into abuses committed during the war that Islamists and Khaleda's party have denounced as part of a politically motivated campaign to weaken the opposition.
Two Jamaat leaders have been executed, one in December 2013 and another in April. They declined to seek clemency from the president.
Extra security forces have been deployed in Dhaka and other parts of the country as similar judgments in the past triggered violence that left around 200 dead, mainly Jamaat activists and police.
Jamaat called a nationwide strike on Thursday in protest.
Hundreds of people came out on Dhaka's streets to cheer the verdicts while there have been no reports of violence so far.
The government ordered the blocking of Facebook and online messaging and calling services WhatsApp and Viber for security reasons, a telecom regulatory official said.
U.S. lawmakers and international human rights groups say the tribunal's procedures fall short of international standards.
The Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission, set up by the U.S. Congress, has expressed "serious concerns" over the death penalties.
Defense counsel for Mujahid were intimidated and arrested, the commission said this week citing reports, while premier Hasina's reported call to "try the war criminals quickly" raised concerns over whether due process had been observed.
No Peace Without Justice, a non-profit organization based in Italy, has called the tribunal's proceedings "a weapon of politically influenced revenge whose real aim is to target the political opposition".
The government denies the accusations.
East Pakistan broke away to become independent Bangladesh after the war between India and Pakistan. About three million people were killed.

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Emma Bonino: “Occidente viola diritti che lui stesso aveva stabilito”
TAG 24, 03 Nov 2015


Emma Bonino, ex Ministro degli esteri, è intervenuta ai microfoni della trasmissione “Il mondo è piccolo”, condotta da Fabio Stefanelli su Radio Cusano Campus, emittente dell’Università Niccolò Cusano (www.unicusano.it).
Bonino, che di recente è stata premiata a New York con il Fred Cuny Award for the Prevention of Deadly Conflict dell’International Crisis Group, ha affrontato il tema dei rifugiati. “Si sta perdendo il senso del diritto –ha affermato Bonino-. Rifugiati o repressi da guerra sono tutelati da convenzioni internazionali che abbiamo tutti sottoscritto, sono le convenzioni degli anni ’50 post Seconda guerra mondiale. Di queste convenzioni oggi poco è rimasto. Fred Cuny è stato l’eroe di Sarajevo che poi sparì nella guerra cecena. Quei tempi sembrano lontani. Oggi chi viola queste convenzioni è spesso il Mondo occidentale che le aveva promosse. Per non parlare dei massacri in loco. Oggi l’attenzione è richiamata sulla Siria, ma i profughi e soprattutto i rifugiati vengono da zone come Afghanistan, Iraq, Eritrea, Somalia, Nigeria, Ciad, ecc… Noi questo fenomeno dell’ immigrazione l’abbiamo chiamato invasione, crisi e in tanti altri modi. Ma se andiamo a guardare le cifre è impressionante che il più ricco continente al mondo come l’Europa abbia difficoltà anche solo a pensare di integrare o comunque proteggere un milione di persone. Quello a cui stiamo assistendo è tristissimo e preoccupante perché è una violazione di diritti e di un mondo che si sta chiudendo a riccio, l’Europa in particolare. E’ una crisi di valori che attanaglia l’antico mondo occidentale e proprio per questo la trovo particolarmente inaccettabile. L’Europa ragiona sulle quote, ma non ha capito che si tratta di un fenomeno strutturale destinato a stare con noi per anni e la storia ci ha insegnato che quando si lascia il proprio Paese per la guerra, chi può cerca di rifarsi una vita da un’altra parte”.
Emma Bonino ha fondato l’Ong No Peace Without Justice, con l’obiettivo di favorire un sistema efficace di giustizia penale internazionale. “Ogni azione militare ha errori e vittime collaterali –ha spiegato Bonino-. Proprio per questo la Comunità internazionale aveva deciso che le operazioni militari contro un altro Paese devono essere regolate dal Consiglio di sicurezza Onu. Oggi però abbiamo interventi militari non garantiti dal Consiglio di Sicurezza, ma ordinati da Paesi come la Siria che chiede interventi militari alla Russia contro l’Isis. In questo caso il rischio di fare vittime tra i civili aumentano. A volte le vittime civili diventano il vero obiettivo delle guerre, come fu per la guerra dei Balcani, in cui Milosevic voleva sterminare la popolazione kosovara.  A livello internazionale c’è un’evidente assenza di azione collettiva, per il semplice motivo che gli interessi delle potenze internazionali e locali sono divergenti, per non dire contrastanti. Un esempio di questa situazione è la Siria”.
“E’ importante che l’Europa diventi federale –ha affermato Bonino-. Nel mondo globalizzato, se vogliamo avere una parola che conta da dire ai tavoli importanti dei negoziati, è chiaro che se si siede al tavolo un’Europa politica con una linea politica sola ha più peso ed è più ascoltata. Se si siedono al tavolo una serie di Paesi europei con politiche contrastanti il peso viene meno”.

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